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Functional adrenal hyperandrogenism occurs in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Insulin, similar to its ovarian effect, may impact the regulation of adrenal steroidogenesis by modulating the activity of P450c17alpha, the rate-limiting enzyme in androgen biosynthesis. We previously demonstrated that obese adolescents with PCOS are severely insulin(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare insulin sensitivity and pancreatic beta-cell function measured by the euglycemic and the hyperglycemic clamp, with simple estimates of insulin sensitivity and pancreatic beta-cell function in youth. Study design We measured insulin sensitivity with a euglycemic clamp and first- and second-phase insulin secretion with a hyperglycemic(More)
OBJECTIVE Adiponectin is an adipose tissue protein that enhances insulin sensitivity and has antiatherogenic properties. The present study investigated the relationship of adiponectin levels in adolescents to 1) obesity and body fat distribution and 2) insulin sensitivity and the components of syndrome X. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty-three(More)
The incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in children is increasing with the increasing prevalence of obesity, particularly in African-American children. We hypothesized that African-American obese adolescents are more insulin resistant than their white peers, but have lower insulin secretion, thus increasing their risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus. The(More)
African-American (AA) children are hyperinsulinemic and insulin resistant compared with American White (AW) children. This study investigated 1) whether AA/AW differences in insulinemia are associated with differences in insulin clearance; 2) whether dietary patterns, mainly carbohydrate and fat intake, play a role; and 3) whether the quantitative(More)
Puberty is characterized by temporary insulin resistance, which subsides with the completion of pubertal development. This insulin resistance is manifested by lower rates of insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism and compensatory hyperinsulinemia in pubertal compared with prepubertal children. Whether or not pubertal insulin resistance is the result of sex(More)
Adiponectin is an adipocytokine with antidiabetogenic properties. The present study investigated: (i) the effect of race on adiponectin levels and (ii) the relationship of adiponectin levels in children to insulin sensitivity and secretion. Fasting adiponectin levels were determined in 22 healthy prepubertal black compared with 22 white children of similar(More)
We report an isolated case of toxoplasma pneumonitis in a 27-year-old man. This acute infection occurred after induction chemotherapy for AMLo relapsing 3 years post-allogeneic BMT. The detection of Toxoplasma gondii in the bronchoalvolar lavage (BAL), by culture in fibroblast cell line MRC5 enabled us to make the diagnosis. Pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine(More)
The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) involves insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency in at-risk youth. We-report longitudinal changes in insulin sensitivity and secretion in a high-risk African-American youth with obesity and polycystic ovary syndrome who progressed from normal glucose tolerance to impaired glucose tolerance to T2DM(More)
OBJECTIVE Obesity is often associated with insulin resistance and the components of the metabolic syndrome. However, wide variations in insulin sensitivity are noted in obese youth. It is not clear if greater insulin resistance confers a higher risk of cardiovascular comorbidities and risk for type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We investigated(More)