Rokurou Masuma

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A new chitinase inhibitor, designated as argadin (1), was isolated from the cultured broth of a fungal strain FO-7314. The strain was identified as Clonostachys sp. from the morphological characteristics. Argadin was purified from the cultured mycelium by a combination of cation exchange, adsorption and gel filtration chromatographic methods. The structure(More)
Infections with parasitic helminths are important causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. New drugs that are parasite specific and minimally toxic to the host are needed to counter these infections effectively. Here we report the finding of a previously unidentified compound, nafuredin, from Aspergillus niger. Nafuredin inhibits NADH-fumarate reductase(More)
AM-2282, a new alkaloid has been isolated from cultures of Streptomyces sp. AM-2282 by solvent extraction and silica gel chromatography. The compound exhibits a strong absorption maximum at 292 nm and shows antimicrobial activity against fungi and yeast. The LD50 of its hydrochloride (i.p. in mice) is 6.6 mg/kg. The molecular formula of AM-2282 has been(More)
Funalenone, a phenalene compound that inhibits type I collagenase (MMP-1), was isolated from mycelium of Aspergillus niger FO-5904 by solvent extaction, ODS column chromatography, Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography and reversed phase HPLC. Funalenone inhibited 50% of type I collagenase activity at a concentration of 170 microM, but inhibited 18.3% and(More)
A new compound, designated epi-trichosetin (1), was isolated along with the known compound trichosetin (2) from the culture broth of Fusarium oxysporum FKI-4553 by solvent extraction, silica gel column chromatography and reversed-phase HPLC. The structure of 1 was elucidated by comparing various spectral data with those of 2, revealing that 1 was a(More)
New isochromophilones VII and VIII were isolated from the culture broth of Penicillium sp. FO-4164. The structures were elucidated as 6H-2-benzopyran-6,8(7H)-dione, 5-chloro-3-(3',5'-dimethyl-1',3'-heptadienyl)-1,7,8a-trihydro-7, 8a-dihydroxy-7-methyl-7-acetate for isochromophilone VII and 6H-2-benzopyran-6-one,5-chloro-3-(3',5'-dimethyl-1',(More)
Penicillium sp. FO-2295, a water isolate, was found to produce a series of new anticoccidial compounds. Two active compounds, designated arohynapenes A and B, were isolated from the fermentation broth of the producing strain by solvent extration and preparative HPLC. Arohynapene A was deduced to be(More)
Aspergillus fumigatus FO-1289, a soil isolate, was found to produce a series of novel inhibitors of acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). Four active compounds, named pyripyropenes A, B, C and D, were isolated from the fermentation broth of the producing strain by solvent extraction, silica gel column chromatography, ODS column chromatography and(More)
Phomopsis sp. FT-0211, a soil isolate, was found to produce inhibitors of lipid droplet formation in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Structurally related new compounds designated phenochalasins A and B were isolated from the fermentation broth of the producing strain by solvent extraction, ODS column chromatography and preparative HPLC. Phenochalasin A caused(More)
Penicillium purpurogenum FO-608, a soil isolate, was found to produce a series of new inhibitors of acyl-CoA:cholesterol acyltransferase (ACAT). Three active compounds, designated purpactins, A, B and C, were isolated from the fermentation broth of the producing strain by solvent extraction, silica gel column chromatography and HPLC. Purpactins inhibit ACAT(More)