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BACKGROUND Although infection with Helicobacter pylori in children mostly induces asymptomatic chronic gastritis, the clinical outcome of H pylori infection is generally unpredictable. To identify the risk subgroup of infected children who can progress toward serious gastrointestinal disease, we assessed the prevalence of H pylori virulence genes cagA,(More)
OBJECTIVES Increased gastroesophageal reflux (GER) is common in children with cystic fibrosis (CF). We studied the occurrence of acid, weakly acidic (WA), and weakly alkaline (WALK) reflux in children with CF and evaluated a possible surrogate marker for risk of gastric content aspiration. PATIENTS AND METHODS Twenty-four children with CF underwent(More)
OBJECTIVES Low bone mineral density (BMD) is common in children and adolescents with celiac disease. Strict gluten-free diet (GFD) improves bone mineralization, even in 1 year. The effect of occasional gluten intake is not known. The aims of this study were to compare BMD and prevalence of low BMD in children and adolescents on strict and not strict GFD. (More)
It has been presumed that aberrant immune response to intestinal microorganisms in genetically predisposed individuals may play a major role in the pathogenesis of the inflammatory bowel disease, and there is a good deal of evidence supporting this hypothesis. Commensal enteric bacteria probably play a central role in pathogenesis, providing continuous(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the current implementation of the 2009 North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition-European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition guidelines, and to assess proton pump inhibitors' (PPIs) prescribing patterns among pediatricians from different(More)
UNLABELLED Up to 50% of infants present with symptoms of regurgitation, infantile colic and/or constipation during the first 12 months of life. Although they are often classed as functional disorders, there is an overlap with cows' milk allergy. We present practical algorithms for the management of such disorders, based on existing evidence and general(More)
Acute phlegmonous gastritis is a rare, rapidly progressive suppurative bacterial infection of the wall of the stomach. Two types are described, a diffuse type, in which the whole stomach is involved, and a localized type, in which a part of the stomach, usually the antrum, is affected [1] Without therapy, phlegmonous gastritis progresses to peritonitis and(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in children in central and western Slovenia during a 12-year period (1994-2005). MATERIALS AND METHODS The medical records of patients with newly diagnosed IBD during the period of 1994-2005 were retrospectively reviewed.(More)
BACKGROUND Duodenogastro-esophageal reflux (DGER) is an important factor in the pathogenesis of reflux esophagitis. Animal studies have demonstrated that the injurious effect of duodenal juice components depends on pH. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the temporal relationship between DGER and esophageal pH. METHODS Seventy-six children(More)
OBJECTIVES This European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) position statement provides a comprehensive guide for health care providers to manage percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tubes in a safe, effective, and appropriate way. METHODS Relevant literature from searches of PubMed, CINAHL, and recent guidelines(More)