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The integration of an organic electrochemical transistor with human barrier tissue cells provides a novel method for assessing toxicology of compounds in vitro. Minute variations in paracellular ionic flux induced by toxic compounds are measured in real time, with unprecedented temporal resolution and extreme sensitivity.
The development of transistors with high gain is essential for applications ranging from switching elements and drivers to transducers for chemical and biological sensing. Organic transistors have become well-established based on their distinct advantages, including ease of fabrication, synthetic freedom for chemical functionalization, and the ability to… (More)
UNLABELLED Despite recent interest in organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs), sparked by their straightforward fabrication and high performance, the fundamental mechanism behind their operation remains largely unexplored. OECTs use an electrolyte in direct contact with a polymer channel as part of their device structure. Hence, they offer facile… (More)
A planar, conducting-polymer-based transistor for combined optical and electronic monitoring of live cells provides a unique platform for monitoring the health of cells in vitro. Monitoring of MDCK-I epithelial cells over several days is shown, along with a demonstration of the device for toxicology studies, of use in future drug discovery or diagnostics… (More)
Ion flow across polarized epithelia is a tightly regulated process. Measurement of the transepithelial resistance is a highly relevant parameter for assessing the function or health of the tissue. Dynamic, electrical measurements of transepithelial ion flow are preferred as they provide the most accurate snapshot of effects of external stimuli. Enteric… (More)
We demonstrate a glucose sensor based on an organic electrochemical transistor (OECT) in which the channel, source, drain, and gate electrodes are made from the conducting polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) doped with poly(styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS). The OECT employs a ferrocene mediator to shuttle electrons between the enzyme glucose oxidase and… (More)
Barrier tissue protects the body against external factors by restricting the passage of molecules. The gastrointestinal epithelium is an example of barrier tissue with the primary purpose of allowing the passage of ions and nutrients, while restricting the passage of pathogens and toxins. It is well known that the loss of barrier function can be instigated… (More)
We report an enzymatic sensor based on an organic electrochemical transistor that uses a room temperature ionic liquid as an integral part of its structure and as an immobilization medium for the enzyme and the mediator.
The integration of an ionic liquid gel on conformal electrodes is investigated for applications in long-term cutaneous recordings. Electrodes made of Au and the conducting polymer PEDOT:PSS coated with the gel show a low impedance in contact with the skin that maintains a steady value over several days, paving the way for non-invasive, long-term monitoring… (More)
BACKGROUND The gastrointestinal epithelium provides a physical and biochemical barrier to the passage of ions and small molecules; however this barrier may be breached by pathogens and toxins. The effect of individual pathogens/toxins on the intestinal epithelium has been well characterized: they disrupt barrier tissue in a variety of ways, such as by… (More)