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Hypoxia, a hallmark of most solid tumours, is a negative prognostic factor due to its association with an aggressive tumour phenotype and therapeutic resistance. Given its prominent role in oncology, accurate detection of hypoxia is important, as it impacts on prognosis and could influence treatment planning. A variety of approaches have been explored over(More)
BACKGROUND It is unknown whether lesions in human TB are hypoxic or whether this influences disease pathology. Human TB is characterised by extensive lung destruction driven by host matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly collagenases such as matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1). METHODS We investigated tissue hypoxia in five patients with PET(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation drives atherosclerotic plaque rupture. Although inflammation can be measured using fluorine-18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography ([18F]FDG PET), [18F]FDG lacks cell specificity, and coronary imaging is unreliable because of myocardial spillover. OBJECTIVES This study tested the efficacy of gallium-68-labeled(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effects of radiofrequency transmit field (B1(+)) correction on (a) the measured T1 relaxation times of normal breast tissue and malignant lesions and (b) the pharmacokinetically derived parameters of malignant breast lesions at 3 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ethics approval and informed consent were obtained. Between May 2013 and(More)
Adrenal lesions present a significant diagnostic burden for both radiologists and endocrinologists, especially with the increasing number of adrenal 'incidentalomas' detected on modern computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A key objective is the reliable distinction of benign disease from either primary adrenal malignancy (e.g.,(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast changes in healthy breast parenchyma and breast carcinoma during administration of vasoactive gas stimuli. MATERIALS AND METHODS Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at 3T in 19 healthy premenopausal female volunteers using a single-shot fast spin echo sequence to acquire(More)
Vascular imaging with 18 F-fluorodeoxyglucose posi-tron emission tomography (18 FDG-PET) provides a noninvasive surrogate of inflammation and has been used to test novel drug treatments for atherosclerosis (1). Hypoxia exists in atherosclerosis (2) and may contribute to the measured FDG signal (3). 18 F-fluo-romisonidazole (FMISO) PET can quantify hypoxia(More)
Background Mapping the hypoxic brain in acute ischemic stroke has considerable potential for both diagnosis and treatment monitoring. PET using 18F-fluoro-misonidazole (FMISO) is the reference method; however, it lacks clinical accessibility and involves radiation exposure. MR-based T2' mapping may identify tissue hypoxia and holds clinical potential.(More)
Physiological fluctuations are expected to be a dominant source of noise in blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) experiments to assess tumour oxygenation and angiogenesis. This work investigates the impact of various physiological noise regressors: retrospective image correction (RETROICOR), heart rate (HR) and(More)
To assess the feasibility of the mono-exponential, bi-exponential and stretched-exponential models in evaluating response of breast tumours to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) at 3 T. Thirty-six female patients (median age 53, range 32–75 years) with invasive breast cancer undergoing NACT were enrolled for diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) prior to the start(More)