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Remarkably, uniform virus-like particles self-assemble in a process that appears to follow a rapid kinetic mechanism. The mechanisms by which spherical viruses assemble from hundreds of capsid proteins around nucleic acid, however, are yet unresolved. Using time-resolved small-angle X-ray scattering (TR-SAXS), we have been able to directly visualize SV40(More)
Using small-angle X-ray scattering, we determined the three-dimensional packing architecture of the minichromosome confined within the SV40 virus. In solution, the minichromosome, composed of closed circular dsDNA complexed in nucleosomes, was shown to be structurally similar to cellular chromatin. In contrast, we find a unique organization of the(More)
In pure water, zwitterionic lipids form lamellar phases with an equilibrium water gap on the order of 2 to 3 nm as a result of the dominating van der Waals attraction between dipolar bilayers. Monovalent ions can swell those neutral lamellae by a small amount. Divalent ions can adsorb onto dipolar membranes and charge them. Using solution X-ray scattering,(More)
In many biochemical processes large biomolecular assemblies play important roles. X-ray scattering is a label-free bulk method that can probe the structure of large self-assembled complexes in solution. As we demonstrate in this paper, solution X-ray scattering can measure complex supramolecular assemblies at high sensitivity and resolution. At high(More)
It is well-known that phospholipids in aqueous environment self-assemble into lamellar structures with a repeat distance governed by the interactions between them. Yet, the understanding of these interactions is incomplete. In this paper, we study the effect of temperature on the interlamellar interactions between dipolar membranes. Using solution(More)
Like-charged solid interfaces repel and separate from one another as much as possible. Charged interfaces composed of self-assembled charged-molecules such as lipids or proteins are ubiquitous. The present study shows that although charged lipid-membranes are sufficiently rigid, in order to swell as much as possible, they deviate markedly from the behavior(More)
Interactions between charged and neutral self-assembled phospholipid membranes are well understood and take into account temperature dependence. Yet, the manner in which the structure of the membrane is affected by temperature was hardly studied. Here we study the effect of temperature on the thickness, area per lipid, and volume per lipid of charged(More)
Crystallization is a fundamental and ubiquitous process that is well understood in the case of atoms or small molecules, but its outcome is still hard to predict in the case of nanoparticles or macromolecular complexes. Controlling the organization of virus nanoparticles into a variety of 3D supramolecular architectures is often done by multivalent ions and(More)
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