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PURPOSE To report the incidence of postoperative endophthalmitis at a high-volume eye hospital in southern India using a modified cost-effective sterilization protocol. SETTING Aravind Eye Hospital and Post Graduate Institute of Ophthalmology, Pondicherry, India. METHODS In this retrospective observational series at a single eye hospital, records of(More)
BACKGROUND To assess the awareness, attitudes, and practices associated with common eye diseases and eye care utilization in a rural district of Bangladesh. METHODS Data were collected using a multilevel cluster random sampling technique from 3104 adults aged ≥30 years from the Banshgram union with a questionnaire assessing the awareness, attitudes and(More)
AIM To report the prevalence, risk factors and associated population attributable risk percentage (PAR) for refractive errors in the South Indian adult population. METHODS A population-based cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. A multistage cluster, systematic, stratified random sampling method was used(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were to report the surgical and visual outcomes of posterior polar cataract and to assess the risk factors for posterior capsule rupture. METHOD Medical records of 81 eyes of 59 patients were reviewed. The surgical procedure used, intraoperative complications and postoperative visual outcome were recorded. RESULTS Of the 81(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To review the previous year's literature related to prevalence of blindness in general, blindness due to cataract, cataract surgical coverage (CSC) and cataract surgical rates (CSRs). RECENT FINDINGS Cataracts are the major cause of blindness and visual impairment in developing countries and contributes to more than 90% of the total(More)
BACKGROUND The rationale, objectives, study design and procedures for the longitudinal Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study are described. DESIGN A longitudinal cohort study was carried out. PARTICIPANTS Participants include surviving cohort from the rural component of Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study. METHODS During 1996-2000, Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease(More)
Blindness is a major global public health problem and recent estimates from World Health Organization (WHO) showed that in India there were 62 million visually impaired, of whom 8 million are blind. The Andhra Pradesh Eye Disease Study (APEDS) provided a comprehensive estimate for prevalence and causes of blindness for the state of Andhra Pradesh (AP). It(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To review the previous year's literature related to cataract surgery in developing countries and to provide fast, up-to-date information to the scientific world. RECENT FINDINGS Cataract is the leading cause of blindness, especially in developing countries. The prevalence of cataract increases with the aging population. Although cataract(More)
Little or no work has been carried out in developing countries on costs to patients and patient benefits in accessing primary eye care services. The purpose of this study was to assess the indirect, direct, and overall costs of patients accessing vision care at vision center services (New Primary Eyecare Approach) as compared with the nearest private(More)