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We generated mouse mutants with targeted AMPA receptor (AMPAR) GluR-B subunit alleles, functionally expressed at different levels and deficient in Q/R-site editing. All mutant lines had increased AMPAR calcium permeabilities in pyramidal neurons, and one showed elevated macroscopic conductances of these channels. The AMPAR-mediated calcium influx induced(More)
The effects of inhibition of thalamic NMDA receptor function and synthesis on thermal and mechanical hyperalgesia induced by hindlimb intraplantar injection of carrageenan in the rat were studied in the 'acute' phase (within 3-5 h) and the 'subacute' phase (24 h) after carrageenan administration. Blockade of NMDA receptors was produced by intrathalamic(More)
The effects of N-methyl-D-aspartate (100 amol-1 nmol) on the nociceptive tail-flick reflex were studied in awake rats. Lesser doses of N-methyl-D-aspartate (100 amol-10 pmol) administered intrathecally to the lumbar spinal cord produced a dose-dependent facilitation of the tail-flick reflex (maximum at 0.5-1 min). The greatest dose tested (1 nmol) inhibited(More)
The effects of allosteric modulators of the N-methyl-D-aspartic acid receptor ion-channel complex on the nociceptive tail-flick reflex were studied in awake rats. Intrathecal administration of D-serine (100 fmol-1 mumol) but not L-serine or glycine to the lumbar spinal cord produced a facilitation of the tail-flick reflex at doses > or = 1 pmol (maximum at(More)
The effects of N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA; 100 fmol-1 nmol) or quisqualic acid (QA; 10 pmol-10 nmol) on visceromotor and pressor responses to noxious colorectal distention (CRD; 40 mmHg, 20 s duration, interstimulus interval: 4 min) were studied in awake rats. Lesser doses of NMDA (100 fmol-1 pmol) administered intrathecally (i.t.) to the lumbar spinal(More)
Targeting vectors for embryonic stem (ES) cells typically contain a mouse gene segment of >7 kb with the neo gene inserted for positive selection of the targeting event. More complex targeting vectors carry additional genetic elements (e.g. lacZ, loxP, point mutations). Here we use homologous recombination in yeast to construct targeting vectors for the(More)
This manuscript summarizes our recent attempts to regulate in vitro and in vivo the expression of genes encoding components and regulators of the postsynaptic machinery along with marker genes such as lacZ and GFP. In particular, we studied tTA-dependent regulation and utilized Cre in combination with reversible silencing by intron engineering of dominant(More)
1. Thirty-three neurons in the L6-Sl spinal cord of 30 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were characterized for responses to colorectal distention (CRD, 20-80 mmHg, 20 s) and convergent cutaneous receptive fields in the presence and absence of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA; 1 microM) or D-serine (1 microM) administered locally by pressure ejection. 2. NMDA(More)
nature neuroscience • volume 2 no 1 • january 1999 57 Establishment, maintenance and elimination of synaptic connections during central nervous system (CNS) development are controlled by calcium influx through glutamate receptor (GluR) channels 1. Synaptic calcium influx through these channels is also required to induce long-term changes in the efficacy of(More)
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