Learn More
AIMS In symptomatic patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), computed tomographic angiography (CTA) improves patient selection for invasive coronary angiography (ICA) compared with functional testing. The impact of measuring fractional flow reserve by CTA (FFRCT) is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS At 11 sites, 584 patients with new onset chest(More)
The SSN package for R provides a set of functions for modeling stream network data. The package can import geographic information systems data or simulate new data as a 'SpatialStreamNetwork', a new object class that builds on the spatial sp classes. Functions are provided that fit spatial linear models (SLMs) for the 'SpatialStreamNetwork' object. The(More)
IMPORTANCE Inhibition of inflammatory cytokines may have therapeutic effects in diabetic retinopathy (DR). OBJECTIVE To compare aqueous and vitreous levels of 17 inflammatory cytokines in patients treated preoperatively with topical ketorolac tromethamine, 0.45%, or placebo before pars plana vitrectomy for complications related to proliferative DR (PDR).(More)
OBJECTIVE Otologic surgery is undertaken to treat ailments of the ear, including persistent infections, hearing loss, vertigo, and cancer. Typically performed on otherwise-healthy patients in outpatient facilities, the application of image-guided surgery (IGS) has been limited because accurate (<1 mm), non-invasive fiducial systems for otologic surgery have(More)
OBJECTIVES Application of image-guided surgery to otology has been limited by the need for submillimeter accuracy via a fiducial system that is easily usable (noninvasive and nonobstructive). METHODS A dental bite-block was fitted with a rigid frame with 7 fiducial markers surrounding each external ear. The temporal bones of 3 cadaveric skulls were(More)
Olfactory receptors (ORs) form a large family of G protein-coupled receptor proteins (GPCRs) responsible for sensing the ambient chemical environment. The molecular recognition strategies used by ORs to detect and distinguish odorant molecules are unclear. Here, we investigated the variable of odorant carbon chain conformation for an established odorant-OR(More)
Digital colour watermarking has become essential and important copyright protection schemes in multimedia industry. Distribution of digital documents, especially colour images, over the internet has also become increasingly cost-efficient and widespread. The increased importance of digital media brings new challenges for securing the distribution of digital(More)
Understanding the functions of the widely expressed PCs (prohormone/proprotein convertases), including PC5/6, furin and PACE4 (paired basic amino acid cleaving enzyme 4), in animal models is difficult since individual knockouts of these PCs in mice exhibit early embryonic lethality. To investigate the roles of PC5/6 in processing pro-CART (pro-cocaine- and(More)
Pen-based oral fluid sampling has proven to be an efficient method for surveillance of infectious diseases in swine populations. To better interpret diagnostic results, the performance of oral fluid assays (antibody- and nucleic acid-based) must be established for pen-based oral fluid samples. Therefore, the objective of the current study was to determine(More)