Rohan G. Kroll

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The effects of cinnamic, propionic, benzoic and sorbic acids on the growth and intracellular pH of Escherichia coli were investigated. The data suggest that the potency of weak acids as food preservatives is related to their capacity to reduce specifically the intracellular pH. The data also suggest that although both the undissociated forms of the acid(More)
Two enzyme-linked amperometric immunosensors specific for salmonellas were developed as rapid methods for quantifying and detecting these organisms in pure cultures and foods. Both used alkaline phosphatase as the enzyme reporter molecule but one system used phenyl phosphate as the substrate followed by the electrochemical detection of phenol at a polarized(More)
The primary habitat of the intracellular pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is considered to be soil and decaying vegetation. As an opportunistic pathogen it must be able to recognize its entry into host tissue and, in response, co-ordinately induce the expression of virulence factors. No signature molecule, which facilitates this regulation, has been(More)
The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was used selectively to amplify specific rDNA sequences of Carnobacterium divergens, C. mobile, C. piscicola and C. gallinarum in purified DNA extracts, crude cell lysates and food samples. The PCR products were visualized by agarose gel electrophoresis and identified, at species level, by hybridization reactions with(More)
The detection of bacteria using a thionine mediated microbial fuel cell was examined. On addition of bacteria to the anode compartment of a fuel cell, a rapid increase in the current output was observed. Both the total change in the steady state current (ΔmA) and the initial rate of change of current were proportional to the numbers of bacteria added.(More)
The growth patterns of microcolonies of 59 different pure cultures were studied on eight selective solid media. A method of growing microcolonies on the surface of polycarbonate membrane filters, placed on the selective agar media, followed by staining and examination by epifluorescent microscopy was developed. The patterns of growth of the pure cultures as(More)
A potentially Listeria-specific 28 base oligonucleotide probe was designed from 16S rRNA sequence data. Using either 32P or non-radioactive (alkaline phosphatase) labels, the probe was shown to be highly specific as it hybridised to RNA extracted from all of the species of Listeria but not to any of the other bacteria tested. Both probe methods were highly(More)
A fluorescent antibody-microcolony technique was developed for the rapid detection of salmonellas in pure cultures. Examination of microcolonies made the detection of salmonellas by epifluorescence microscopy easier and more reliable than using fluorescent antibody and single cells. After a study of the most effective selective enrichment media for(More)
The effect of growth temperature and growth rate on the susceptibility to heat and pH stress were investigated in Listeria monocytogenes grown in continuous culture where these two growth variables could be varied independently of each other, and in batch culture. After growth at 30 degrees C or 10 degrees C at constant growth rate, or at 30 degrees C at(More)
The keeping quality (KQ) of pasteurized milk samples stored at 5 degrees C and 10 degrees C was satisfactorily predicted after 18 h pre-incubation with 0.05% benzalkonium chloride at 20 degrees C, by estimating the numbers of Gram-negative psychrotrophic bacteria using the simple, cheap and rapid (5 min) assay of cytochrome c oxidase. Correlation(More)