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The effects of slurry application method and weather conditions after application on ammonia volatilisation are well documented, however, the effect on slurry N recovery in herbage is less evident due to large variability of results. The objective of this field experiment was to determine the recovery of cattle slurry NH4-N in herbage and soil in the year(More)
Fisher's alpha is a satisfactory scale-independent indicator of biodiversity. However, alpha may be underestimated in communities in which the spatial arrangement of individuals is strongly clustered, or in which the total number of species does not tend to infinity. We have extended Fisher's curve to allow for an accurate calibration of Fisher's alpha in(More)
This paper describes an empirical model of soil-evolved nitrous oxide emissions inferred from data gathered in a 2-year rotational grazing experiment investigating emissions from a fertilised and grazed grassland site. The model was used to simulate daily and annual emissions for the 9-year period between 1994 and 2002 under different possible fertiliser(More)
Because of current environmental legislation in European grass-based farming, there is a need to develop tools that can link nitrogen (N) production with losses to the environment. A mass balance empirical model (NCYCLE) is proposed to fulfil this role. This study describes the principles and stages to develop a mass balance N cycle model for Irish(More)
The application of phosphorus (P)-based fertiliser to agricultural soils can result in a skewed vertical distribution of P down the soil profile, since the element tends to accumulate at the soil surface. Such accumulation can have detrimental effects on the environment, as the erosion of surface soil can facilitate the transfer of large quantities of P out(More)
Slurry application with methods such as trailing shoe (TS) results in reduced emissions of ammonia (NH3) compared with broadcast application using splashplate (SP). Timing the application during cool and wet weather conditions also contributes to low NH3 emissions. From this perspective, we investigated whether reduced NH3 emissions due to improved slurry(More)
The Carbon Navigator has been developed to support the objective of reducing the carbon intensity of the dairy and beef sectors of Irish agriculture. The system is designed as a knowledge transfer (KT) tool aimed at supporting the realisation at farm level of the mitigation potential. The objective of this paper is to outline the potential role of KT in(More)
A household survey was conducted for mixed farming systems in Chencha, Ethiopia. Goals of the survey were to establish a baseline for the current production system, to quantify the variation in input and output, and to identify constraints hindering expansion of potato production. Descriptive statistics and principal component analysis were computed using(More)
The challenges of achieving both food security and environmental sustainability have resulted in a confluence of demands on land within the European Union (EU): we expect our land to provide food, fiber and fuel, to purify water, to sequester carbon, and provide a home to biodiversity as well as external nutrients in the form of waste from humans and(More)
Farmers are under increasing pressure to use slurry-nutrients more efficiently in order to maximise crop utilisation and minimise losses to the environment. The objective of this field experiment was to quantify the fate of three N fractions (urine-N [U], rapid faecal-N [FR] and slow faecal-N [FS]) from cattle slurry in herbage and soil. The recovery of the(More)