Rogers C. Ritter

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Very small implanted permanent magnets guided by large electromagnetic coils have been proposed previously as a method for delivering hyperthermia to or guiding catheters through brain tissue. This procedure is termed “magnetic stereotaxis.” Early efforts employed a single coil on a movable boom, a design that proved logistically difficult to use on human(More)
OBJECT The magnetic stereotaxis system (MSS) is a device designed to direct catheter tips through magnetic forces. In this study the authors tested the safety and performance of the MSS in directing catheters through a nonlinear path to obtain biopsy specimens in pig brains. METHODS Sixteen pigs underwent biopsy of the frontal brain region with the aid of(More)
The first in vivo experiments in support of a new technique for delivering stereotaxic hyperthermia have been conducted at the Experimental Surgery Facility of the University of Virginia's Medical Center. We call this technique the "Video Tumor Fighter." In each of twelve trials a single, small permanent magnet or train of small permanent magnets was(More)
In a series of in vivo experiments on five adult canines, a small cylindrical permanent magnet (approximately 5-mm diameter x 5 mm long) was magnetically moved under fluoroscopic guidance from an occipital-lobe burr hole to a predetermined destination within the brain and then removed. On three of the animals, dorsal and temporal skull markers were used to(More)
A helmet with a roughly cubic array of six super-conducting coils is used to apply force on a small permanent magnet pellet in brain or in brain phantom material. This apparatus, called the Magnetic Stereotaxis System, will be used to deliver drugs and other therapies directly into deep brain tissues, under control of a computer and fluoroscopic imaging(More)
The previous companion paper described the motivation, design, and early experiments of a Magnetic Stereotaxis System. The part of the system considered in these papers is a helmet with a roughly cubic array of six superconducting coils used to apply force on small permanent magnet pellets in brain and in brain phantom material. This apparatus will be used(More)
From 21 dogs kidneys removed at 0, 1, 2, and 4 weeks after ureteral blockage we found the expected early increase, than subsequent decrease, in pressure and the expected continuing increase in volume and thinning of the walls. However the calculated wall stress builds up continuously with time as does the elastic modulus of the wall. By the 4th week, the(More)
A thermodynamic study is presented of temperature distributions created by an inductively heated 6-mm-diam Ni sphere imbedded in vivo and in vitro into porcine brain tissue. This study was performed in support of the development of a system that creates localized heat-induced lesions in deep-seated brain tumors. In this system, a magnetic "seed" will be(More)