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The contribution of stem and progenitor cell dysfunction and depletion in normal aging remains incompletely understood. We explored this concept in the Klotho mouse model of accelerated aging. Analysis of various tissues and organs from young Klotho mice revealed a decrease in stem cell number and an increase in progenitor cell senescence. Because klotho is(More)
Epidermal integrity is a complex process established during embryogenesis and maintained throughout the organism lifespan by epithelial stem cells. Although Wnt regulates normal epithelial stem cell renewal, aberrant Wnt signaling can contribute to cancerous growth. Here, we explored the consequences of persistent expressing Wnt1 in an epidermal compartment(More)
BACKGROUND The management of slow or non-healing ulcerations constitutes an increasing clinical challenge in the developed world because of the ageing of the population and the pandemic rise in type II diabetes. Recent studies suggest that molecular circuitries deployed by tumor cells to promote cancerous growth may also contribute to tissue regeneration.(More)
The sequencing of the head and neck cancer has provided a blueprint of the most frequent genetic alterations in this cancer type. They include inactivating mutations in Notch, p53, and p16(ink4a) tumor suppressor genes, in addition to nonoverlapping activating mutations of the PIK3CA and RAS oncogenes or inactivation of the tumor suppressor gene PTEN.(More)
Multiple genetic and epigenetic events, including the aberrant expression and function of molecules regulating cell signaling, growth, survival, motility, angiogenesis, and cell cycle control, underlie the progressive acquisition of a malignant phenotype in squamous carcinomas of the head and neck (HNSCC). In this regard, there has been a recent explosion(More)
Tumor progression and metastasis depend on the ability of cancer cells to initiate angiogenesis and ensure delivery of oxygen, nutrients, and growth factors to rapidly dividing transformed cells and provide access to the systemic circulation. In addition to well established growth factors and inflammatory mediators that promote capillary sprouting and(More)
Cowden's disease is an autosomal dominant disorder characterized by the development of multiple mucocutaneous lesions and benign tumors, and enhanced cancer predisposition. Most Cowden's disease patients harbor inactivating mutations in the PTEN tumor suppressor gene which encodes a lipid phosphatase, PTEN, which restrains the phosphatidylinositol(More)
Epithelial stem cells in the bulge region within the hair follicle maintain the cyclic hair growth, but whether these stem cells also contribute to the epidermal renewal remains unclear. Here, we observed that the conditional deletion of the Rac1 gene in the mouse skin, including the potential follicular and epidermal stem cell compartments, results in(More)
Oral lichen planus (OLP) is a relatively common chronic mucocutaneous inflammatory disease and a search for novel therapeutic options has been performed. We sought to compare the efficacy of laser phototherapy (LPT) to topical clobetasol propionate 0.05% for the treatment of atrophic and erosive OLP. Forty-two patients with atrophic/erosive OLP were(More)