Roger Ziegler

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OBJECTIVE This is the first part of a bipartite review that summarizes the rising knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underlying the action of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) and their contribution to diabetic complications and vascular disease. While the first part presented here focusses on AGE formation, the second part will describe the(More)
Depletion of cellular antioxidant defense mechanisms and the generation of oxygen free radicals by advanced glycation end products (AGEs) have been proposed to play a major role in the pathogenesis of diabetic vascular complications. Here we demonstrate that incubation of cultured bovine aortic endothelial cells (BAECs) with AGE albumin (500 nmol/l)(More)
The available methods to quantitate vertebral deformity in osteoporotics are not satisfactory in comparing follow-up measurements in patients. This paper describes a newly developed 'spine deformity index' (SDI) which allows the quantitation of the extent of vertebral fractures. It is based on the observation that, in 110 normal persons, the heights of all(More)
A common endpoint of hyperglycemia dependent cellular changes is the generation of reactive oxygen intermediates (ROIs) and the presence of elevated oxidative stress. Therefore, oxidative stress is supposed to play an important role in the development of late diabetic complications. Formation of advanced glycation end products (AGE's) due to elevated(More)
Low bone mass as estimated by decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is an established predictor of osteoporotic fractures. One of the latest developments in bone densitometry is peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) of the forearm. In Germany, the CT bone scanner XCT 900 has already been widely used; however, interpretation of measurements with(More)
Recent studies suggest a circannual pattern of bone turnover. To further investigate the underlying mechanisms, 41 healthy subjects (25-80 years old) living in a southwestern German city were studied prospectively over a period of 18 months. Participants were examined every 4 weeks, and blood and urine samples were obtained on each visit. The following(More)
BACKGROUND The childhood-onset cerebral form of X-linked adrenoleukodystrophy, a demyelinating disorder of the central nervous system, leads to a vegetative state and death within 3-5 years once clinical symptoms are detectable. The hypothesis to be tested was whether bone-marrow transplantation can over an extended period of time halt the inexorable(More)
Vertebral deformation in spinal osteoporosis results in spinal and thoracic deformation, causing pain, disability and an overall decrease in quality of life. We sought to determine whether thoracic spinal deformation may lead to impaired pulmonary function. We studied expiratory relaxed vital capacity (VC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) in 34(More)
Clinical consequences of osteoporotic vertebral fractures, such as back pain, functional limitations, and impairment of mood, are often cited as justification for prevention and therapy. But these symptoms are poorly characterized, and a clinical grading system is not available. The aim of this study was to compare clinical measures for spinal deformation(More)
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis and related fractures are a major complication after organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to find out the frequency and predictors of osteoporotic fractures after cardiac or liver transplantation. METHODS 235 consecutive patients who had a cardiac transplant (n=105; 88 men, 17 women) or a liver transplant (130; 75 men,(More)