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An immunocytochemical investigation was made of the distribution of serotonin (5-HT) in the brain of larval and adult Ambystoma mexicanum and adult Typhlonectes compressicauda. Immunoreactive perikarya can be identified in the caudal diencephalon (paraventricular organ and infundibular nucleus), in the ventral mesencephalon (interpeduncular nucleus) and in(More)
This paper presents our vision for architecture and development of spacecraft on-board software composed of well-defined building blocks called software components. This vision is derived from our work in the DisCo and COrDeT studies funded by ESA and fits within the on-board software harmonisation carried out by ESA. The paper is focused on software(More)
The distribution of serotonin(5HT)-immunoreactive cell bodies, nerve fibers and terminals was investigated by light microscopy in the lamprey Lampetra fluviatilis. Twenty-three distinct groups of 5HT neuronal somata were identified from diencephalic to rhombencephalic levels in the brain. The diencephalon contained a subependymal population of(More)
The distribution of GABA-immunoreactivity was studied in the brain of the silver eel (Anguilla anguilla) by means of antibodies directed against GABA. Immunoreactive neuronal somata were distributed throughout the brain. Positive perikarya were detected in the internal cellular layer of the olfactory bulb, and in all divisions of the telencephalon, the(More)
The retinofugal projections of the chameleon were investigated by means of autoradiography, horseradish peroxidase and fluorescent techniques after intraocular injection of tracers. An ipsilateral contingent of visual fibers and projections is absent. The retinal fibers decussate completely in alternating fascicles at the optic chiasma and course to(More)
The published descriptions of ipsilateral visual pathways in non-eutherian species are reviewed. Such pathways exist in members of all vertebrate classes; since they exist in agnathans, it is suggested that the presence of ipsilateral visual projections is the ancestral condition. None of the published attempts to explain the considerable interspecific(More)
Projections of the pretectal region to forebrain and midbrain structures were examined in two species of turtles (Testudo horsfieldi and Emys orbicularis) by axonal tracing and immunocytochemical methods. Two ascending gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic pathways to thalamic visual centers were revealed: a weak projection from the retinorecipient nucleus(More)
In two species of turtle (Emys orbicularis and Testudo horsfieldi), retrograde and anterograde tracer techniques were used to study projections from the optic tectum to the nucleus rotundus (Rot) and to the dorsal lateral geniculate nucleus (GLd). The ipsilateral Rot received the most massive tectal projections, stemming from numerous neurons located in the(More)
Thin varicose centrifugal visual fibers, between 30-45 in number and displaying cGnRH-I immunoreactivity, were identified in Crocodylus niloticus. Approximately 80% of these fibers were also FMRF-amide-like immunoreactive. The cGnRH-I fibers extended from the preoptic region to the retina where they appeared to terminate in the external portion of the inner(More)
The development of the primary visual centres was studied in a series of embryos of the turtle, Emys orbicularis, incubated at 25 degrees C. The differentiation of both visual and nonvisual diencephalic and mesencephalic structures takes place entirely within the 2nd quarter of the period of incubation; this finding appears to be consistent with previous(More)