Roger W. Hughes

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Social behavior is ordinarily treated as being under conscious (if not always thoughtful) control. Howmer, considerable evidence now supports the view that social behavior often operates in an implicit or unconscious fashion. The identifying feature of implicit cognition is that past experience influences judgment in a fashion not introspectively known by(More)
The study objective was to assess primary health care (PHC) providers' exposure to women in the pre- and post-natal period, current nutrition and physical activity guidance practices, confidence and perceived needs for continuing education relevant to nutrition and physical activity guidance in the peri-natal period. A self-administered cross-sectional(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe a conceptual framework to assist in the application of capacity-building principles to public health nutrition practice. DESIGN A review of the literature and consideration of the determinants of effective public health nutrition practice has been used to inform the development of a conceptual framework for capacity building in the(More)
Recent work in our laboratory demonstrated that Ro15-4513, a partial inverse benzodiazepine (BDZ) agonist, decreases ethanol (ETOH) self-administration in rodents under fluid deprivation conditions. The present study further examined the effects of Ro15-4513 (2.5 and 5.0 mg/kg) alone and in combination with Ro15-1788, (flumazenil) (8.0 and 16.0 mg/kg), a(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the level of consensus amongst an international panel of public health nutrition leaders regarding the essential competencies required for effective public health nutrition practice. DESIGN A modified Delphi study involving three rounds of questionnaires. SUBJECTS A panel of 20 public health nutrition experts from seven countries in(More)
The first results of the Women's Health Initiative dietary intervention trial were published in the USA in February. This is a colossal intervention designed to see if diets lower in fat and higher in fruits, vegetables and grains than is usual in high-income countries reduce the incidence of breast cancer, colorectal cancer, heart disease and other chronic(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the attitudes, experiences and beliefs of advanced-level public health nutritionists with respect to public health nutrition workforce composition, core functions, competency requirements and existing workforce capacity. DESIGN Qualitative study using structured interviews. SETTING Australia. SUBJECTS Forty-one advanced-level(More)
In June, the FAO reported that world hunger will reach a historic high this year, with over one billion people projected to go hungry every day. Here is what Margaret Chan, Director-General of WHO, had to say in July: ‘We are in a mess. The financial crisis hit the world like a sudden jolt, and it hit the world where it hurts the most: money. [y] All(More)
OBJECTIVE To outline a framework and a process for assessing the needs for capacity development to achieve nutrition objectives, particularly those targeting maternal and child undernutrition. DESIGN Commentary and conceptual framework. SETTING Low- and middle-income countries. Result A global movement to invest in a package of essential nutrition(More)