Learn More
Glucocorticoids play important roles in development and 'fetal programming'. Fetal exposure to excess glucocorticoids reduces birth weight and causes later hypertension. To investigate these processes further we have determined the detailed category of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type2 (11 beta-HSD2, which potently inactivates glucocorticoids) and(More)
Glucocorticoids (GCs) act via intracellular mineralocorticoid (MR) and glucocorticoid receptors (GR). However, it has recently been recognized that GC access to receptors is determined by the presence of tissue-specific 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenases (11beta-HSDs) that catalyze the interconversion of active corticosterone and inert(More)
Chorea-acanthocytosis (CHAC, MIM 200150) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the gradual onset of hyperkinetic movements and abnormal erythrocyte morphology (acanthocytosis). Neurological findings closely resemble those observed in Huntington disease. We identified a gene in the CHAC critical region and found 16 different(More)
WNK1 is a member of a novel serine/threonine kinase family, With-No-K, (lysine). Intronic deletions in the encoding gene cause Gordon syndrome, an autosomal dominant, hypertensive, hyperkalemic disorder particularly responsive to thiazide diuretics, a first-line treatment in essential hypertension. To elucidate the novel WNK1 BP control pathway active in(More)
Excess glucocorticoids impair fetal growth and cause teratogenesis. Placental 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta HSD) catalyzes the inactivation of cortisol to cortisone, preventing the high maternal cortisol levels from reaching the fetal circulation and thus preserving the low cortisol fetal environment. In previous work, an NADP-dependent(More)
Deficiency of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2) in humans leads to the syndrome of apparent mineralocorticoid excess (SAME), in which cortisol illicitly occupies mineralocorticoid receptors, causing sodium retention, hypokalemia, and hypertension. However, the disorder is usually incompletely corrected by suppression of cortisol,(More)
The primary amino acid structures of the 43-kDa (A) and 15-kDa (B) subunits of the 58-kDa form of the hormone inhibin have been elucidated by cloning and analysis of cDNA species derived from bovine granulosa cell mRNA. The A subunit (Mr = 32,298) is a protein of 300 amino acids with two potential N-glycosylation sites and two potential proteolytic(More)
Chorea-acanthocytosis (CHAC) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive neurodegeneration and unusual red-cell morphology (acanthocytosis), with onset in the third to fifth decade of life. Neurological impairment with acanthocytosis (neuroacanthocytosis) also is seen in abetalipoproteinemia and X-linked McLeod syndrome. Whereas the(More)
Glucocorticoids play important roles in organ development and 'fetal programming'. Fetal exposure to excess glucocorticoids reduces birth weight and causes later hypertension. To investigate these processes further we have determined the detailed ontogeny in the mouse of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) and 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type-1(More)