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BACKGROUND The study of health behavior change, including nutrition and physical activity behaviors, has been rooted in a cognitive-rational paradigm. Change is conceptualized as a linear, deterministic process where individuals weigh pros and cons, and at the point at which the benefits outweigh the cost change occurs. Consistent with this paradigm, the(More)
The validity of self-reported fruit and vegetable intake in minority populations has not been adequately established. In this study, the authors examined the association of three food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and 24-hour dietary recalls with serum carotenoid levels. Approximately 1,000 African-American adults recruited from 15 churches in Atlanta,(More)
OBJECTIVE A greater understanding of minority adolescents' involvement in sex and violence is an essential precursor to the development of effective prevention programs targeted at inner-city youths. METHOD To estimate the prevalence of involvement in sexual, assaultive, and suicidal behaviors and to quantify the relative importance of demographic,(More)
Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 531 predominantly black and Hispanic 10th graders in two New York City schools, the explanatory power of predictors of intentions to engage in sexual intercourse, to have multiple intercourse partners, and to use condoms was compared. Theoretically derived predictor variables (i.e., susceptibility, severity,(More)
The association of 21 problem and positive behaviors was explored in a sample of 283 inner-city, African American youths of ages 8 through 12. Data reduction yielded 4 factors, 3 representing different types or levels of problem behavior, labeled Interpersonal-Minor Deviance, School Problems, and Covert-High Deviance, and 1 representing positive behaviors.(More)
We examined perceptions of risk for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in 296 high school students living in or near a major urban center. We hypothesized that students with a dispositional tendency to deny threat would be more likely to misperceive their risk of contracting AIDS. Results indicated that study participants, overall, used their(More)
BACKGROUND Vulnerable populations suffer disproportionately from a variety of health conditions. Access to health information is an important component of health promotion. Reports suggest that while health providers and print media are traditional sources of information, the Internet may be becoming an increasingly important resource for consumers.(More)
To identify salient risk factors for drug use that could be targeted for modification in prevention programs, a survey was administered to a sample of 1,091 urban and suburban 10th grade students. Substantial proportions of students reported alcohol alcohol and cigarette use in the past year, and around 10% reported heavy use of these substances. In(More)
Introduction How is it possible for a citizen living in one local authority area to receive benefits through another if that is where s/he works? How can it become possible to possess a smart card that can be loaded with all of the transport offerings across a region as well as the membership of libraries, leisure centres and other benefit services? If a(More)