Roger Van Tassell

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During the past decade, strains of Bacteroides fragilis that produce an enterotoxin have been implicated in diarrheal disease in animals and humans. The extracellular enterotoxin has been purified and characterized as a single polypeptide (M(r), approximately 20,000). Single specific primer-PCR was used to clone a portion of the B. fragilis enterotoxin(More)
1. Anaerobic incubation of levamisole with human intestinal flora resulted in the formation of three thiazole ring-opened metabolites, namely, levametabol-I, II and III. These new hydroxamic lactam-type metabolites were isolated and characterized by various spectroscopic methods. 2. Various pure cultures of human intestinal bacterial strains were shown, by(More)
Although organophosphate (OP)-induced acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibition is the critical mechanism causing toxicities that follow exposure, other biochemical events, including oxidative stress, have been reported to contribute to OP toxicity. Fullerenes are carbon spheres with antioxidant activity. Thus, we hypothesized that fullerenes could counteract(More)
The dietary carcinogen, 2-amino-3-methyl-3H-imidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) is mutagenic in the Salmonella/microsomal mutagenicity assay when activated by microsomal enzymes. IQ is found in many cooked foods, notably fried beef and pork. In laboratory rodents IQ is carcinogenic. We showed that mixed and pure cultures of human intestinal anaerobes, notably(More)
Enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) has been recently associated with watery diarrheal disease in livestock and young children. These strains of B. fragilis secrete an extracellular heat-labile protein toxin with a mess of approximately 20 kD. This toxin has been shown to have two major biological activities: stimulation of secretion in ligated(More)
Sixty-eight bacteriophages specific for nine species (DNA homology groups) of Bacteroides were isolated from sewage. Four distinct morphological types were isolated, three of which had not previously been described. Attempts to use these phages to transduce Bacteroides fragilis were unsuccessful. A total of 91 phage-susceptible strains of Bacteroides were(More)
The composition and functions of the intestinal floras from humans and other animals is compared and contrasted. Intrinsic and extrinsic factors, such as anatomy, age, and diet, help define the nature of the flora typical to each species of animal. Stable differences, such as the ability to reduce cholesterol or not, between the flora of individuals of the(More)
The microflora of the human colon is a complex ecosystem of anaerobic bacteria which have the capability of enzymatically transforming a variety of dietary (or biliary) compounds to genotoxic metabolites. In the past, most investigators studying the interplay between diet and colonic flora and its role in the etiology of cancers focused on the reductive and(More)