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To broadly examine the potential health and financial benefits of health information technology (HIT), this paper compares health care with the use of IT in other industries. It estimates potential savings and costs of widespread adoption of electronic medical record (EMR) systems, models important health and safety benefits, and concludes that effective(More)
Vascular endothelial function is essential for maintenance of health of the vessel wall and for vasomotor control in both conduit and resistance vessels. These functions are due to the production of numerous autacoids, of which nitric oxide (NO) has been the most widely studied. Exercise training has been shown, in many animal and human studies, to augment(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine whether exercise training stimulates a generalized improvement in vascular function in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. BACKGROUND Exercise is often recommended for patients with type 2 diabetes to improve physical conditioning and glycemic control. This study examined the effect of eight weeks of(More)
Brachial artery ultrasound is commonly employed for noninvasive assessment of endothelial function. However, analysis is observer dependent and susceptible to errors. We describe studies on a computerized edge-detection and wall-tracking software program to allow more accurate and reproducible measurement. In study 1, three purpose-built Perspex phantom(More)
We investigated the effect of an 8 week circuit training (CT) program, combining aerobic and resistance exercise, on indices of glycemic control, cardiorespiratory fitness, muscular strength and body composition in 16 subjects (age 52 +/- 2 years) with type 2 diabetes using a prospective randomised crossover protocol. Submaximal exercise heart rate and rate(More)
BACKGROUND Hypermocysteinemia has been substantiated as a risk factor for occlusive vascular disease. A common mutation (nucleotide 677 C-->T) has been described recently in the 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, which results in a valine for alanine substitution, a thermolabile enzyme, and a tendency to elevate plasma homocysteine(More)
In the past two decades, normal endothelial function has been identified as integral to vascular health. The endothelium produces numerous vasodilator and vasoconstrictor compounds that regulate vascular tone; the vasodilator, nitric oxide (NO), has additional antiatherogenic properties, is probably the most important and best characterised mediator, and(More)
We examined vascular function in an inactive muscle bed, the forearm, during lower limb exercise and determined the contribution of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) to the hyperemic response. Eight young males were randomized to participate in two studies, each consisting of two bouts of lower limb exercise, separated by a 30-min recovery. Peak forearm(More)
BACKGROUND Cholesterol-lowering therapy can improve cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in patients with atherosclerosis. Although the mechanisms responsible are unclear, these benefits precede macroscopic changes in the vasculature. Emerging evidence that improvement in endothelial function may occur requires substantiation; in particular, it is unclear(More)
The deletion (D) allele of the gene for angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is associated with higher plasma and tissue levels of the enzyme and has also been related to a variety of cardiovascular complications, particularly myocardial infarction. On the basis of indirect evidence, we hypothesized that inheritance of the D allele would contribute to elite(More)