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INTRODUCTION Insecticide treated net remains a tool of choice for malaria prevention in Cameroon. However, data suggests that its use by the population, especially vulnerable groups remains low. Moreover, there is a paucity of information about factors influencing its use. We sought out to identify factors associated with net use in Mfou health district,(More)
In North Cameroon, the vector of Onchocerca volvulus (causative agent of human onchocerciasis) also transmits 2 filariae of animals: O. ochengi from cattle and O. ramachandrini from wart hogs. In order to assess the qualitative and quantitative roles of these 'animal filariae' in the epidemiology of O. volvulus, the transmission of the 3 parasites was(More)
Development of large scale agro-industries are subject to serious environmental modifications. In malaria endemic areas this would greatly impact on the transmission paradigm. Two cross-sectional entomological surveys to characterize the Anopheles fauna and their entomological inoculation rates were conducted during May 2010 (peak rainy season) and December(More)
BACKGROUND Human co-infection with malaria and helmimths is ubiquitous throughout Africa. Nevertheless, its public health significance on malaria severity remains poorly understood. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS To contribute to a better understanding of epidemiology and control of this co-infection in Cameroon, a cross-sectional study was carried out to(More)
Anopheline mosquitoes are the only vectors of human malaria worldwide. It is now widely accepted that mosquito immune responses play a crucial role in restricting Plasmodium development within the vector; therefore, further dissection of the molecular mechanisms underlying these processes should inform new vector control strategies urgently needed to roll(More)
Two snake antivenoms are distributed in Cameroon, though their availability in district hospitals varies. These snake antivenoms are FAV-Afrique (Aventis Pasteur) available at Centre Pasteur Cameroun and Polyvalent serum (Serum Institute of India = SII) distributed by a wholesaler (CENAME). The price remains a very important factor. We have noted that some(More)
Based on the results of in vitro sensitivity of Plasmodium falciparum to chloroquine, quinine and mefloquine, and evaluation of drug consumption conducted in 1987-1988 in four areas in the north and south-west of Cameroon, two opposite situations were encountered in this country. In northern Cameroon where mefloquine resistance is prevalent a close(More)