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BACKGROUND Severe traumatic stressors such as war, rape, or life-threatening accidents can result in a debilitating psychopathological development conceptualised as Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Pathological memory formation during an alarm response may set the precondition for PTSD to occur. If true, a lack of memory formation by extended(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with a psychogenic paresis have difficulties performing voluntary movements. Typically, diagnostic interventions are normal. We tested whether patients with a psychogenic lower limb paresis exhibit abnormal motor excitability during motor imagery or movement observation. METHODS Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with single and(More)
We have investigated hypotheses that link the stiff-man syndrome to an imbalance of neurotransmitter systems. No evidence was found to support the concept of defective synaptic transmission at either cholinergic input to Renshaw inhibitory elements or at glycinergic inhibitory input to motoneurons from spinal interneurons, since neither physostigmine nor(More)
The neural mechanisms underlying conversion disorders such as hysterical blindness are at present unknown. Typically, patients are diagnosed through exclusion of neurological disease and the absence of pathologic neurophysiological diagnostic findings. Here, we investigate the neural basis of this disorder by combining electrophysiological (event-related(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with motor conversion disorders present an inability to execute movements voluntarily, although central and peripheral motor pathways are normal. We speculated that this phenomenon could be due to an abnormal loss of excitatory drive on central motor areas. METHODS The effect of motor imagery on motor excitability was tested in a group(More)
The effects of dantrolene sodium and diazepam were compared in a double crossover study of 42 patients with spasticity due to stable multiple sclerosis. Both drugs reduced the findings of spasticity, clonus, and hyperreflexia, and the complaints of muscle stiffness and cramping. Each drug had different side effects which suggest indications and(More)
In patients with a functional (psychogenic) paresis, motor conduction tests are, by definition, normal. We investigated whether these patients exhibit an abnormal motor excitability. Four female patients with a functional paresis of the left upper extremity were studied using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). We investigated motor thresholds,(More)
The neural correlates of motor inhibition leading to paresis in conversion disorder are not well known. The key question is whether they are different of those of normal subjects feigning the symptoms. Thirteen conversion disorder patients with hemiparesis and twelve healthy controls were investigated using functional magnetic resonance tomography under(More)
OBJECTIVE Functional neurological symptoms (FNS) are hypothetically explained as a shift of emotion processing to sensorimotor deficits, but psychophysiological evidence supporting this hypothesis is scarce. The present study measured neuromagnetic and somatic sensation during emotion regulation to examine frontocortical and sensorimotor activity as signals(More)