Roger Roffey

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An analysis of the phospholipid ester-linked and the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) fatty acids and hydroxy fatty acids of six lactate-utilizing Desulfovibrio-type sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) has been performed using capillary gas-liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (GLC-MS). The concentrations of normal fatty acids were essentially similar, with the(More)
The concentration of airborne bacteria was recorded during a period of 3 years at four localities: (i) in an agricultural district with an average of 99 (range, 2 to 3,400) bacteria per m3; (ii) in a coastal area with an average of 63 (range, 0 to 560) bacteria per m3; (iii) in a city park with an average of 763 (range, 100 to 2,500) bacteria per m3; and(More)
The envelope proteins of 5 strains of the genus Desulfotomaculum and 12 strains of the genus Desulfovibrio were studied by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and immunoblotting. The Desulfovibrio strains exhibited a typical gram-negative cell envelope, whereas the cell envelope of Desulfotomaculum strains appeared to be gram-positive.(More)
There are some early examples of biological warfare (BW), but in modern times it was used first for sabotage by Germany during WWI. Development of biological weapons on a military significant scale was initiated in several countries in the period between the world wars. During WWII, several countries had active programs such as the USA, UK, Canada, Germany,(More)
Biological weapons and biological terrorism have recently come into focus due to the deliberate release of Bacillus anthracis via mail delivered in the USA. Since the 1930s, biological weapons have been developed in a number of countries. In 1975, the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention entered into force; this prohibits the use of these weapons and has(More)
A "plausible worst-case scenario" of a gradually increasing level of multidrug-resistant bacteria (carbapenem-resistant E. coli) in the human population was developed and used to study how Swedish authorities would manage this situation and to identify preventive measures that could be taken. Key findings include: (1) a scenario in which 5% of the(More)
The final Swedish repository for low- and intermediate-level nuclear waste is described, and some of the possible problems caused by microbial activity during storage are discussed. Microbial degradation of bitumen constitutes one of the greatest risks in the silo part of a repository. The production of carbon dioxide due to both aerobic and anaerobic(More)