Roger Rivoal

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The cereal cyst nematode (CCN) Heterodera avenae, is a significant pathogen of wheat. The wild grass Aegilops variabilis Accession No.1 has been found to be resistant to pathotypes of CCN; at least two genes transferred to wheat, designated as CreX and CreY, are involved in the resistance response. The CreY gene may be the same as Rkn-mn1, which confers(More)
Graminaceous cyst nematodes form a group of eleven valid species including Heterodera avenae, Heterodera filipjevi and Heterodera latipons and constitute major pests to cereals. They are widely spread in circum-mediterranean areas where they are presumed to cause yield losses on bread and durum wheat. The objective was to document the diversity of these(More)
Molecular characterization of the three most common cereal cyst nematode species of the Heterodera avenae group (H. avenae, H. filipjevi, and H. latipons), originating from various locations in major cereal-cultivating areas in Syria and Turkey, showed distinct restriction fragment patterns of the ITS-rDNA following PCR amplification and RFLP digestion with(More)
This study examined the restriction polymorphism (RFLP) of the nuclear ribosomal DNA in Heterodera avenae, H. filipjevi, H. mani, H. latipons, and the taxonomically unclear Gotland strain in order to establish a molecular characterization and phylogenetic relationships in the complex of cereal cyst nematodes (CCN). The internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and(More)
In a long-term field experiment, differential population densities of Heterodera avenae were produced by frequent cropping with resistant (cv. Panema) or susceptible (cv. Peniarth) oat. The two oat cultivars were equally good hosts of Pratylenchus neglectus in a glass house experiment with field soil. On wheat crops grown after oats in field experiments, P.(More)
A collection comprising 157 Aegilops geniculata accessionsoriginating from different ecogeographical regions was established atENSA-INRA, Montpellier. The accessions were studied for physiologicaltraits related to drought and heat stress and screened for resistance tobarley yellow dwarf virus (BYDV) and rusts. Some accessions were alsotested for resistance(More)
The Cereal Cyst Nematodes (CCNs) are a group of several closely related species which have been documented to cause economic yield loss on rainfed wheat production systems in several part of the world including North Africa, West Asia, China, India, Australia, America and several countries in Europe. The most commonly reported species is Heterodera avenae,(More)
The purpose of the present work was to study the genetic characteristics of cereal cyst nematode (Heterodera avenae) populations re-established after the long-term use of resistant oat cultivars in field conditions. Population features were analyzed through fitness components and variation in enzymatic polymorphism (esterase and malate dehydrogenase loci).(More)
Lines of wheat with the 6M(v) chromosome from Aegilops ventricosa display partial resistance to both pathotypes Hal2 and Ha41 of Heterodera avenae. With either pathotype, the effect of this alien chromosome on cyst production, size, and fecundity was expressed in resistance tests. Partial resistance of five 6M(v)(6D) substitution lines varied according to(More)
Three dominant genes A, B and C are involved in the resistance of Avena sterilis I. 376 to Heterodera avenae. When associated, genes A and B are responsible for the high level of resistance in I. 376. In the absence of the first two genes, gene C confers intermediate resistance characterized by the presence of a limited number of cysts on the roots. Only(More)