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The treatment of Alzheimer's disease and many other brain-related disorders is limited because of the presence of the blood-brain barrier, which highly regulate the crossing of drugs. Metal nanoparticles have unique features that could contribute to the development of new therapies for these diseases. Nanoparticles have the capacity to carry several(More)
Prolyl oligopeptidase is a cytosolic serine peptidase that hydrolyzes proline-containing peptides at the carboxy terminus of proline residues. It has been associated with schizophrenia, bipolar affective disorder, and related neuropsychiatric disorders and therefore may have important clinical implications. In a previous work, we used (19)F NMR to search(More)
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is a formidable physical and enzymatic barrier that tightly controls the passage of molecules from the blood to the brain. In fact, less than 2 % of all potential neurotherapeutics are able to cross it. Here, by applying the retro-enantio approach to a peptide that targets the transferrin receptor, a full protease-resistant(More)
Altered levels of transcription factor specificity protein 4 (SP4) and 1 (SP1) in the cerebellum, prefrontal cortex and/or lymphocytes have been reported in severe psychiatric disorders, including early psychosis, bipolar disorder, and chronic schizophrenia subjects who have undergone long-term antipsychotic treatments. SP4 transgenic mice show altered(More)
G protein-coupled receptors transduce signals through heterotrimeric G protein Gα and Gβγ subunits, both of which interact with downstream effectors to regulate cell function. Gβγ signaling has been implicated in the pathophysiology of several diseases, suggesting that Gβγ could be an important pharmaceutical target. Previously, we used a combination of(More)
Here we studied the capacity of N-MePhe-(N-MePhe)(3)-CONH(2), Cha-(N-MePhe)(3)-CONH(2), and 2Nal-(N-MePhe)(3)-CONH(2) to carry various drugs (cargos) in in vitro blood-brain barrier (BBB) models in order to determine the versatility of these peptides as BBB-shuttles for drug delivery to the brain. Using SPPS, the peptides were coupled to GABA, Nip, and ALA(More)
At the beginning of the XXI century, 43 years after the description of the first solid-phase synthesis of a tetrapeptide by Bruce Merrifield, the synthesis of a tetrapeptide may still represent a synthetic challenge. This is the case of serratamolide, a cyclic tetradepsipeptide originally found in a culture of Serratia marcescens, which exhibits interesting(More)
Reduced glutamatergic activity and energy metabolism in the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) have been described in schizophrenia. Glycogenolysis in astrocytes is responsible for providing neurons with lactate as a transient energy supply helping to couple glutamatergic neurotransmission and glucose utilization in the brain. This mechanism could be(More)
Less than 2% of all potential neurotherapeutics cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Here, we sought to build a construct with the capacity to cross this barrier, to behave as a chemical delivery system, and, once inside the central nervous system, to be transformed and then act as an enzyme inhibitor. With all this in mind, here, we describe the entire(More)
Schizophrenia is a serious life-long disease that affects a significant part of the adult population. Although there is considerably effective medication for the positive symptoms of the disease, none are available for the associated cognitive deficits. These deficits are a core feature of schizophrenia, and they severely impair the functionality and social(More)