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The present experiments examined the effect of work requirements in combination with reinforcement schedule on the choice behavior of adults with mental retardation and preschool children. The work requirements of age-appropriate tasks (i.e., sorting silverware, jumping hurdles, tossing beanbags) were manipulated. Participants were presented with their(More)
Behavioral Relaxation Training (BRT), a set of ten overt behaviors directly taught by prompting and performance feedback, was compared with frontalis EMG Biofeedback (BIO), Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR), and a Music "attention focusing" (MUS) control, on five dependent measures of relaxation, in four groups of volunteers for a "stress-reduction"(More)
Five young adults received audio biofeedback training to reduce trapezius EMG levels while they engaged in reading in an office, seated at a table. A multiple-baseline-across subjects design was employed in two separate studies. After training, all subjects demonstrated reduced EMG levels while reading in a home or library setting. The first study suggested(More)
Six male volunteers assumed either "relaxed" or "unrelaxed" postures, as defined by a Behavioral Relaxation Scale, in seven areas of the body. Electromyographic (EMG) levels in the muscle groups associated with each area were determined for both categories of postures. In all instances, the "relaxed" postures produced significantly lower EMG levels than the(More)
The effects of behavioral relaxation training (BRT) for the treatment of moderate to severe essential tremor (ET) was evaluated with two older adults, ages 73 and 83, using a single-case design and statistical analysis. Measures included within-session clinician and self-rated tremor severity and disability in activities of daily living (ADL), EMG activity,(More)
Four questions were addressed: (a) does biobehavioral intervention result in within-session reduction of tremor severity; (b) do relaxation and electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback training produce differential effects; (c) do within-session treatment effects generalize to daily performance; and (d) are reductions in tremor severity maintained at follow-up(More)
Three boys meeting multiple criteria of hyperactivity were trained to emit ten specific relaxed behaviors by means of Behavioral Relaxation Training (BRT). Dependent measures included the Behavioral Relaxation Scale (BRS), frontalis electromyogram (EMG), the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire, and self-report. A multiple-probe design across subjects was(More)
Two adult men, aged 86 and 63, with essential tremor and Parkinson's-disease-related tremor, respectively, were provided Behavioral Relaxation Training in reclined and upright seated positions. Multiple measures were recorded, including the Behavioral Relaxation Scale (BRS), clinical and self-rated tremor severity, informant ratings, ratings of disability(More)
Three boys meeting multiple criteria for hyperactivity received Behavioral Relaxation Training (BRT) in their homes from their parents, under the supervision of the experimenter. BRT involved modeling, prompting, token reinforcement, and praise, for ten overt relaxed behaviors. All children learned to relax to a criterion of at least 80% on the Behavioral(More)
Peripheral finger temperature, frontalis and upper trapezius EMG, and self-report of arousal were assessed for four subjects during abdominal and thoracic breathing in a single-subject reversal design. Two subjects displayed significant differences between abdominal and thoracic breathing conditions; one for frontalis EMG, trapezius EMG, and self-report of(More)