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The present experiments examined the effect of work requirements in combination with reinforcement schedule on the choice behavior of adults with mental retardation and preschool children. The work requirements of age-appropriate tasks (i.e., sorting silverware, jumping hurdles, tossing beanbags) were manipulated. Participants were presented with their(More)
Behavioral Relaxation Training (BRT), a set of ten overt behaviors directly taught by prompting and performance feedback, was compared with frontalis EMG Biofeedback (BIO), Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR), and a Music "attention focusing" (MUS) control, on five dependent measures of relaxation, in four groups of volunteers for a "stress-reduction"(More)
Six male volunteers assumed either "relaxed" or "unrelaxed" postures, as defined by a Behavioral Relaxation Scale, in seven areas of the body. Electromyographic (EMG) levels in the muscle groups associated with each area were determined for both categories of postures. In all instances, the "relaxed" postures produced significantly lower EMG levels than the(More)
The effects of behavioral relaxation training (BRT) for the treatment of moderate to severe essential tremor (ET) was evaluated with two older adults, ages 73 and 83, using a single-case design and statistical analysis. Measures included within-session clinician and self-rated tremor severity and disability in activities of daily living (ADL), EMG activity,(More)
Four questions were addressed: (a) does biobehavioral intervention result in within-session reduction of tremor severity; (b) do relaxation and electromyographic (EMG) biofeedback training produce differential effects; (c) do within-session treatment effects generalize to daily performance; and (d) are reductions in tremor severity maintained at follow-up(More)
Three boys meeting multiple criteria of hyperactivity were trained to emit ten specific relaxed behaviors by means of Behavioral Relaxation Training (BRT). Dependent measures included the Behavioral Relaxation Scale (BRS), frontalis electromyogram (EMG), the Conners Parent Symptom Questionnaire, and self-report. A multiple-probe design across subjects was(More)
Two adult men, aged 86 and 63, with essential tremor and Parkinson's-disease-related tremor, respectively, were provided Behavioral Relaxation Training in reclined and upright seated positions. Multiple measures were recorded, including the Behavioral Relaxation Scale (BRS), clinical and self-rated tremor severity, informant ratings, ratings of disability(More)
Peripheral finger temperature, frontalis and upper trapezius EMG, and self-report of arousal were assessed for four subjects during abdominal and thoracic breathing in a single-subject reversal design. Two subjects displayed significant differences between abdominal and thoracic breathing conditions; one for frontalis EMG, trapezius EMG, and self-report of(More)
We have assessed effects of a simplified relaxation training on the frequency of headaches and consumption of analgesic headache medication in an adult male with severe developmental disabilities as well as chronic mixed headaches. The subject received Behavioral Relaxation Training (BRT) after a baseline period during which frequency of headache complaint,(More)