Roger Pfister

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Intrinsic (nonatopic) asthma is considered to be a distinct pathogenetic variant of asthma since, unlike extrinsic (atopic) asthma, patients with the disease are skin test-negative to common aeroallergens, and have total serum IgE concentrations within the normal range. Nevertheless, the recent demonstration of increased numbers of cells expressing the(More)
Asthma is characterized by bronchial mucosal inflammation. Although allergen-induced activation of cells binding allergen-specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) through high-affinity receptors (Fc(epsilon)RI) is believed to play some role in asthma, inappropriate synthesis of total or allergen-specific IgE cannot be demonstrated in some ("intrinsic") patients(More)
Local secretion of cytokines by T cells within the bronchial mucosa, with consequent selective eosinophil influx, has been implicated in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma. The cytokine IL-13 exhibits activities (selective eosinophil vascular adhesion by very late antigen-4/vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 interaction and promotion of IgE synthesis and(More)
AIM To identify patient needs following discharge from hospital after an exacerbation of COPD. METHODS Qualitative and semi-quantitative study using home-based structured interviews and focus groups involving 25 COPD patients after hospital discharge. Interviews were performed seven days and three months post-discharge. Quantitative data were analysed(More)
We recently demonstrated bronchial mucosal expression of IL-4 and IL-5 at the mRNA and protein level in both atopic and nonatopic (intrinsic) asthma. In this report, using double immunohistochemistry (IHC) and in situ hybridization (ISH), we show that 70% of IL-4 and IL-5 mRNA+ signals co-localized to CD3+ T cells, the majority (>70%) of which were CD4+,(More)
BACKGROUND Circulating magnesium exists in the bound and in the free ionized form, that is biologically active. In kidney disease the relationship between ionized and total circulating magnesium is often altered. Little information is available on the influence of hemodialysis on the relationship between ionized and total circulating magnesium in end-stage(More)
Intrinsic (nonatopic) asthma is considered to be a distinct pathogenetic variant of asthma since, unlike extrinsic (atopic) asthma, patients are skin-prick test negative to common aeroallergens and have total serum immunoglobulin E concentrations within the normal range. However both atopic and nonatopic asthma are characterized by chronic inflammation of(More)
BACKGROUND The demonstration of epsilon germline gene (Cepsilon) transcripts and mature mRNA for the epsilon heavy chain gene (Iepsilon) in the nasal mucosa suggested that IgE synthesis may occur in allergic rhinitis. OBJECTIVE In view of our previous demonstration of increases in IL-4 mRNA(+) cells in asthmatic subjects, we assessed whether local IgE(More)
BACKGROUND There are two isoforms of cyclo-oxygenase (COX), namely COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1 is constitutively expressed in most tissues and in blood platelets. The metabolites derived from COX-1 are probably involved in cellular housekeeping functions. COX-2 is expressed only following cellular activation by inflammatory stimuli and is thought to be involved(More)