Roger P. Maickel

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Adult male rats were exposed to single applications of one of three stressful stimuli (low environmental temperature, immobilization, random footshock) for periods up to 4 hours and plasma levels of corticosterone (PCS), fatty acids (PFA), and glucose (PGL) were determined at various points during the stress exposure and 1 and 2 hours post-exposure. The(More)
Effects of the Leukotrienes on the Vasculature and Blood Pressure of Different Species. Binding Fragment from Tetanus Toxin Antagonizes the Neuromuscular Blocking Actions of Botulinum Toxin. Mechanisms of Anti-inflammatory Action of Dexamethasone: Blockade by Hydrocortisone Mee ylate and Actino-mycin D of the Inhibitory Effect of Dexamethasone on Leukocyte(More)
The individual and interactive effects of immobilization stress, ACTH11-24 and ACTH4-10 on the free-choice consumption of ethanol in rats were studied. Stress and ethanol both result in activation of the HPA axis and release of ACTH1-39. The animals were offered a two-bottle choice consumption of 0.2% saccharin and 10% ethanol. They were exposed to(More)
Ethanol consummatory patterns of individual male and female rats and the effects of Hoe-427 (Ebiratide), an ACTH4-9 analog, thereon, were studied in a test system using 24 hour, two-bottle free choice consumption between 0.2% saccharin and 10% ethanol in 0.2% saccharin. Single, daily i.p. doses (0.03mg/rat) of either ACTH4-10 or its analog resulted in a(More)
1. Previous studies conducted in our laboratory demonstrated that rats given a choice between a 0.1% saccharin solution or 10% ethanol/0.1% saccharin solution and repeatedly exposed on an unpredictable basis to stressful stimuli, consumed increasing quantities of the ethanol solution following cessation of stressor presentation as compared to nonstressed(More)
In the present study, the relationship between central catecholamine levels and the anorexia induced by Walker 256 carcinoma was investigated. Results indicate that the anorexia is not due to depletion of central catecholamines. Tumor bearing rats sacrificed at night, when spontaneous food intake is selectively depressed, showed increased norepinephrine(More)
Subjecting rats to a brief period of centrifugal rotation produces a brief analgesia (1-2 min) that is similar to that produced by pretreatment with morphine. The effect of the morphine is blocked by naloxone, while that of the centrifugal rotation is only partially blocked by the same dose of naloxone. Cholinergic blocking agents such as scopolamine are(More)
A series of agents were tested for their ability to interact with the analgetic actions of either d-amphetamine (d-AMP) or l-amphetamine (l-AMP), or morphine in rats using the hot plate procedure. The analgetic action of l-AMP was potentiated by morphine and slightly antagonized by naloxone; it was antagonized by clonidine, alpha-MT, yohimbine, fluoxetine(More)