Roger Nadrowitz

Learn More
Tumor hypoxia negatively regulates cell growth and causes a more malignant phenotype by increasing the expression of genes encoding angiogenic, metabolic and metastatic factors. Of clinical importance, insufficient tumor oxygenation affects the efficiency of chemotherapy and radiotherapy by poorly understood mechanisms. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1(More)
The ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate (BHB) is an endogenous factor protecting against stroke and neurodegenerative diseases, but its mode of action is unclear. Here we show in a stroke model that the hydroxy-carboxylic acid receptor 2 (HCA2, GPR109A) is required for the neuroprotective effect of BHB and a ketogenic diet, as this effect is lost in Hca2(-/-)(More)
Tumor hypoxia negatively regulates cell growth and causes a more malignant phenotype by increasing the expression of genes encoding angiogenic, metabolic and metastatic factors. Of clinical importance, insufficient tumor oxygenation affects the efficiency of chemotherapy and radiotherapy by poorly understood mechanisms. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1(More)
The pyromellitic acid (benzene-1,2,4,5-tetracrboxylic acid) dosimeter is a liquid, nearly tissue equivalent detector (the density of the solution is 1.000 56 g cm⁻³). This acid fluoresces after exposure to proton radiation, if excited with light. The detector was exposed to proton doses of 1.0-10.0 Gy (energies: 138 and 160 MeV). The correlation between(More)
The addition of systemic drugs to whole-brain irradiation has not improved the survival of patients with multiple brain metastases, most likely because the agents did not readily cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Radiolabeling of cetuximab was performed to investigate whether this antibody crosses the BBB. A patient with multiple brain lesions from(More)
With increasing numbers of in vivo experiments in the field of neuroscience, the interest in methods for in vivo imaging of animal brains as small as those of mice has increased. Because highly specialized small bore scanners with high field strengths are not commonly available, clinical magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) scanners have been used in the past(More)
Anaplastic large-cell lymphoma (ALCL) comprises approximately 25% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) in children and young adults, and up to 15% of high-grade NHL in older patients. Over 50% of these tumours carry the translocation t(2;5)(p23;q35). The result of this translocation is the fusion of the nucleophosmin (NPM) gene to the anaplastic lymphoma(More)
Due to its rapidly proliferating matrix keratinocytes, the hair follicle is highly sensitive to ionizing irradiation (IR)-induced skin damage and thus an instructive and clinically relevant model organ for investigating the effects of IR on rapidly dividing epithelial-mesenchymal interaction systems. Here, we have assessed the impact of IR on organ-cultured(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the individual and the synergetic radioprotective effect of lidocaine, amifostine, and pilocarpin on the parotid gland. Forty-nine rabbits were randomized into seven groups (n = 7)--control, irradiated sham-treated, irradiated/lidocaine-pretreated, irradiated/amifostine-pretreated, irradiated/pilocarpin-pretreated,(More)
PURPOSE Systemic therapies when added to whole brain radiotherapy have failed to improve the survival of patients with multiple brain metastases. The epidermal growth factor receptor antibody cetuximab is an attractive option, if it is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. This might be proven with molecular imaging if the radiolabeled antibody is stable(More)