Roger N. Beachy

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Tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) derivatives that encode movement protein (MP) as a fusion to the green fluorescent protein (MP:GFP) were used in combination with antibody staining to identify host cell components to which MP and replicase accumulate in cells of infected Nicotiana benthamiana leaves and in infected BY-2 protoplasts. MP:GFP and replicase(More)
A chimeric gene containing a cloned cDNA of the coat protein (CP) gene of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) was introduced into tobacco cells on a Ti plasmid of Agrobacterium tumefaciens from which tumor inducing genes had been removed. Plants regenerated from transformed cells expressed TMV mRNA and CP as a nuclear trait. Seedlings from self-fertilized transgenic(More)
Stem cuttings were collected in Cameroon from cassava plants displaying cassava mosaic disease (CMD) symptoms. The nature of the viruses present was determined by using the PCR with primers specific for the coat protein (CP) genes of African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) and East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV). All samples were infected by ACMV and(More)
Plant viruses encode movement proteins (MPs) that facilitate cell-cell transport of infection through plasmodesmata. Intracellular and intercellular spread of virus replication complexes (VRCs) of tobacco mosaic virus was followed in intact leaf tissue from 12 to 36 h post infection (hpi) by using confocal microscopy. From 12 hpi, VRCs in primary infected(More)
The ability to control integration, inheritance, and expression of multiple transgenes is a prerequisite for manipulating biosynthetic pathways and complex agronomic characteristics in plants. One hundred and twenty-five independent transgenic rice plants were regenerated after cobombarding embryogenic tissues with a mixture of 14 different pUC-based(More)
Expression of the tobacco mosaic virus 30-kD movement protein (TMV MP) gene in tobacco plants increases the plasmodesmatal size exclusion limit (SEL) 10-fold between mesophyll cells in mature leaves. In the present study, we examined the structure of plasmodesmata as a function of leaf development. In young leaves of 30-kD TMV MP transgenic (line 274) and(More)
The cassava vein mosaic virus (CVMV) is a double stranded DNA virus which infects cassava plants (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and has been characterized as a plant pararetrovirus belonging to the caulimovirus subgroup. Two DNA fragments, CVP1 of 388 nucleotides from position -368 to +20 and CVP2 of 511 nucleotides from position -443 to +72, were isolated from(More)
A protocol for consistent production of fertile transgenic rice plants was established utilizing microparticle bombardment of embryogenic tissues (Oryza sativa L. japonica cv. Taipei 309). This system has been employed to produce several thousand independently transformed plant lines carrying the hygromycin phosphotransferase (hph) gene and various genes of(More)
Immature embryos and embryogenic calli of rice, both japonica and indica subspecies, were bombarded with tungsten particles coated with plasmid DNA that contained a gene encoding hygromycin phosphotransferase (HPH, conferring hygromycin resistance) driven by the CaMV 35S promoter or Agrobactenum tumefaciens NOS promoter. Putatively transformed cell clusters(More)
The function of the 30-kilodalton movement protein (MP) of tobacco mosaic virus is to facilitate cell-to-cell movement of viral progeny in an infected plant. A novel method for delivering non-plasmalemma-permeable fluorescent probes to the cytosol of spongy mesophyll cells of tobacco leaves was used to study plasmodesmatal size exclusion limits in(More)