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beta-Amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) are the defining neuropathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease, but their pathophysiological relation is unclear. Injection of beta-amyloid Abeta42 fibrils into the brains of P301L mutant tau transgenic mice caused fivefold increases in the numbers of NFTs in cell bodies within the amygdala from(More)
Mutations in the microtubule-associated protein tau, including P301L, are genetically coupled to hereditary frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism linked to chromosome 17. To determine whether P301L is associated with fibril formation in mice, we expressed the longest human tau isoform, human tau40, with this mutation in transgenic mice by using the(More)
Beta-amyloid peptides that are cleaved from the amyloid precursor protein (APP) play a critical role in Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology. Here, we show that in Drosophila, the targeted expression of the key genes of AD, APP, the beta-site APP-cleaving enzyme BACE, and the presenilins led to the generation of beta-amyloid plaques and age-dependent(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether the cystatin C gene (CST3) is genetically associated with late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). DESIGN A case-control study with 2 independent study populations of patients with AD and age-matched, cognitively normal control subjects. SETTING The Alzheimer's Disease Research Unit at the University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf,(More)
Previous work indicates that stress levels of circulating glucocorticoids can impair retrieval of declarative memory in human subjects. Several studies have reported that declarative memory retrieval relies on the medial temporal lobe. The present study used H(2)(15)O-positron emission tomography to investigate whether acutely elevated glucocorticoid levels(More)
Altered processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) is a central event in the formation of amyloid deposits in the brains of individuals with Alzheimer's disease. To investigate whether cellular APP processing is controlled by cell-surface neurotransmitter receptors, human embryonic kidney (293) cell lines were transfected with the genes for human(More)
OBJECTIVE Because elevated cortisol levels inhibit memory retrieval in healthy human subjects, the present study investigated whether cortisol administration might also reduce excessive retrieval of traumatic memories and related symptoms in patients with chronic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHOD During a 3-month observation period, low-dose(More)
The brain pathology of Alzheimer's disease is characterized by abnormally aggregated Abeta in extracellular beta-amyloid plaques and along blood vessel walls, but the relation to intracellular Abeta remains unclear. To address the role of intracellular Abeta deposition in vivo, we expressed human APP with the combined Swedish and Arctic mutations in mice(More)
Genetic evidence indicates that several mutations in tau, including G272V, are linked to frontotemporal dementia with parkinsonism. We expressed this mutation in mouse brains by combining a prion protein promoter-driven expression system with an autoregulatory transactivator loop that resulted in high expression of human G272V tau in neurons and in(More)