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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that is characterized by defective immune tolerance combined with immune cell hyperactivity resulting in the production of pathogenic autoantibodies. Previous gene expression studies employing whole blood or peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) have demonstrated that a majority of(More)
We describe a case of simultaneous severe lupus enteritis and lupus cystitis in a 38-year-old female with a 21-year history of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). The patient presented with acute abdominal pain, decreased urinary output, associated low-grade fever, nausea, and diarrhea. She had serologic evidence of an SLE flare with acute renal(More)
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