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To determine within a nationally representative sample of young Australian children: (1) the association amongst intellectual disability, borderline intellectual functioning and the prevalence of possible mental health problems; (2) the association amongst intellectual disability, borderline intellectual functioning and exposure to social disadvantage; (3)(More)
BACKGROUND The importance of the valid assessment of quality of life (QOL) is heightened with the increased use of the QOL construct as a basis for policies and practices in the field of intellectual disability (ID). METHOD This article discusses the principles that should guide the measurement process, the major interrogatories (i.e. who, what, when,(More)
Self-report responses by adults with mental retardation about the availability of choice were compared with staff responses. Self-reports and staff responses were in clear disagreement on 3 of 10 items. In each case subjects reported that they had significantly more choice than was perceived by staff members. These items involved issues of major life impact(More)
BACKGROUND In low- and middle-income (LAMI) countries, there is a lack of well-trained therapists to provide specialist interventions for children with intellectual disabilities and their families. We sought to identify strategies deliverable by families or non-specialist workers. MATERIALS AND METHODS After searches of appropriate scientific databases,(More)
This study describes service users with Down syndrome (N = 1,199) and a comparative sample with intellectual and developmental disabilities but not Down syndrome (N = 11,182), drawn from National Core Indicator surveys of adult service users in 25 U.S. states. Individuals with Down syndrome were younger than were individuals without Down syndrome. Men with(More)
Previous studies have questioned the reliability of Quality of Life Questionnaire (QOL-Q) Empowerment scores, and reported marked disagreement between consumers' self-reports and proxy data from staff informants. The present study examined agreement between consumer self-reports and proxy responses from community living staff for 63 adults with intellectual(More)
The impact of size of residence on residents' opportunities for choice was examined for Australian adults with mental retardation who lived in staff-supported community residences housing one to five residents. Significantly greater choice was exercised by individuals living in smaller settings, even when personal characteristics of individual residents(More)
Day-to-day choices available to former institution residents with severe/profound developmental disabilities (movers) were assessed before and after deinstitutionalization and compared with peers who remained in the same institutions (stayers). Data were gathered annually for both groups for 3 years after baseline. Personal characteristics of the two groups(More)
Personal control exercised by 74 adults from community living settings in Minnesota was evaluated. Comparisons between living-unit sizes or types controlled statistically for pre-existing differences in adaptive and challenging behavior. Individuals living semi-independently exercised more personal control than did residents of HCBS Waiver-funded settings,(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of two communication interventions for preschool-aged children with autism. METHOD Six typically developing peers were taught to implement peer-mediated naturalistic teaching, with and without a speech generating device (SGD), during play sessions with 3 classmates with autism in three(More)