Roger Horgan

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Carotenoid and abscisic acid (ABA) levels were determined in endosperm, embryos and seedlings of wild-type and viviparous (vp) mutants ofZea mays L. Carotenoid concentrations were determined by absorption spectrometry following purification by high-performance liquid chromatography and ABA concentrations by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.(More)
Selection for cytokinin resistance by incubating M2 seed of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia, after ethylmethanesulphonate mutagenesis, on 20 μM 6-benzylami-nopurine resulted in the isolation of a monogenic, recessive mutant, CKR1. Germination of the mutant is less sensitive to cytokinin inhibition than the wild type, and leaf development of the mutant occurs at(More)
A mutant of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia, CKR1, isolated on the basis of its enhanced resistance to cytokinins was found to have a greater tendency to wilt than the wild type (Blonstein et al., 1991, Planta 183, 244–250). Further characterisation has shown that the wiltiness in the mutant is not caused by an insensitivity to abscisic acid (ABA) because the(More)
Cytokinin oxidase has been partially purified from matureZea mays kernels and fromVinca rosea corwn-gall tissue. The molecular weights of the two enzymes, determined by gel filtration, are very different: 94,400 (±10%) forZ. mays and 25,100 (±10%) forV. rosea. Specificity studies have been performed using a large number of synthetic and naturally occurring(More)
Phaseolus vulgaris plants decapitated above the primary leaves accumulate high cytokinin activity. The major cytokinin in these leaves was identified by Sephadex LH 20 chromatography, sensitivity to β-glucosidase and permanganate oxidation, and by combined gas chromatography-mass spectrometry as 6-(4-O-β-D-glucosyl-3-methylbutylamino) purine,(More)
Using 13C-labelled internal standards and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/multiple-ion monitoring the levels of xanthoxin (Xan) and 2-trans-xanthoxin (t-Xan) have been determined in stressed and non-stressed leaves of wildtype tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill cv. Ailsa Craig), and the wilty mutants, notabilis (not), flacca (flc) and sitiens (sit).(More)
Evidence has been obtained which is consistent with 9′-cis-neoxanthin being a major precursor of abscisic acid (ABA) in higher plants. A mild, rapid procedure was developed for the extraction and analysis of carotenoids from a range of tissues. Once purified the carotenoids were identified from their light-absorbance properties, reactions with dilute acid,(More)
When care was taken to minimise the effects of phosphatase activity during extraction ofVinca rosea crown-gall tumour tissue, a large proportion of extractable cytolinin activity was present in the nucleotide fraction. Analysis using ion-exchange chromatography followed by enzymic or chemical degradation and subsequent identification of the biologically(More)