Roger G O'neil

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It is evident from the present analysis that although a role for Ca2+ in controlling hypertonic cell volume regulation and RVI mechanisms has not been shown, Ca2+ plays a central role in activating and controlling hypotonic cell volume regulation and RVD mechanisms in most cells. However, this Ca2+ dependency is highly variable among cell types and tissues.(More)
The TRPV4 calcium-permeable channel was cloned from mouse kidney M-1 cells, and the effect of temperature modulation on channel gating/activation by physical and chemical signals was evaluated. A TRPV4 cDNA construct with a C-terminal V5 epitope was stably transfected into human embryonic kidney (HEK) 293 and Chinese hamster ovary cells resulting in high(More)
Gain/loss of function studies were utilized to assess the potential role of the endogenous vanilloid receptor TRPV4 as a sensor of flow and osmolality in M-1 collecting duct cells (CCD). TRPV4 mRNA and protein were detectable in M-1 cells and stably transfected HEK-293 cells, where the protein occurred as a glycosylated doublet on Western blots.(More)
The apical cell membrane ionic conductive properties of the isolated perfused rabbit cortical collecting duct (tubule) were assessed at 37 degrees C using microelectrode techniques. In the initial evaluation of the methodology, it was observed that stable cell membrane voltage recordings could be obtained by impaling cells either from the luminal side(More)
The ionic basis of volume regulation was assessed in the nonperfused rabbit proximal tubule (S2 segment) by use of simultaneous measurements of tubule volume via video-optical imaging techniques and basolateral membrane voltage (Vbl) and relative ionic conductance via conventional microelectrodes. Both cell volume (9.9 +/- 0.70 nl/cm tubule length) and Vbl(More)
Chronic neuropathic pain is often a severe and inadequately treated consequence of spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent findings suggest that SCI pain is promoted by spontaneous activity (SA) generated chronically in cell bodies of primary nociceptors in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Many nociceptors express transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) channels, and in(More)
Interference-contrast and fluorescent microscopy were used to differentiate between the two cell types--principal cells (PC) and intercalated cells (IC)--of the isolated perfused cortical collecting duct of the rabbit. Using Hoffman Modulation Contrast optics, two types of cell outlines could be identified: "hexagonal" and "circular" profiles. To(More)
The chloride-conductive properties of the isolated rabbit cortical collecting duct were assessed with microelectrode techniques. The transepithelial, apical, and basolateral membrane potential differences, Vte, Va, and Vb, respectively, were monitored continuously along with periodic measurements of the transepithelial conductance, Gte, and fractional(More)
The mechanism underlying the activation of hypotonic cell volume regulation was studied in rabbit proximal straight tubule (PST). When isolated non-perfused tubules were exposed to hypotonic solution, cells swelled rapidly and then underwent a regulatory volume decrease (RVD). The extent of regulation after swelling was highly dependent on extracellular Ca(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated that Ca(2+) is released from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in some models of apoptosis, but the mechanisms involved and the functional significance remain obscure. We confirmed that apoptosis induced by some (but not all) proapoptotic stimuli was associated with caspase-independent, BCL-2-sensitive emptying of the ER(More)