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The microvessels of the brain are very sensitive to mechanical stresses such as observed in traumatic brain injury (TBI). Such stresses can quickly lead to dysfunction of the microvessel endothelial cells, including disruption of blood-brain barrier (BBB). It is now evident that elevation of cytosolic calcium levels ([Ca2+]i) can compromise the BBB(More)
Understanding the molecular and biochemical mechanisms regulating the blood-brain barrier is aided by in vitro model systems. Many studies have used primary cultures of brain microvessel endothelial cells for this purpose. However, primary cultures limit the generation of material for molecular and biochemical assays since cells grow slowly, are prone to(More)
The TRPV subfamily of calcium-permeable channels is widely distributed in sensory and nonsensory cells from nematodes to mammals. These channels can be variably activated by a diverse range of stimuli (osmotic/mechanical stress, noxious chemicals and heat, endogenous mediators) that often converge on the same channel. Evidence is presented that TRPV(More)
Transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) channels are widely expressed in both sensory and nonsensory cells. Whereas the channels display a broad diversity to activation by chemical and physical stimuli, activation by mechanical stimuli is common to many members of this group in both lower and higher organisms. Genetic screening in Caenorhabditis(More)
It is evident from the present analysis that although a role for Ca2+ in controlling hypertonic cell volume regulation and RVI mechanisms has not been shown, Ca2+ plays a central role in activating and controlling hypotonic cell volume regulation and RVD mechanisms in most cells. However, this Ca2+ dependency is highly variable among cell types and tissues.(More)
Chronic neuropathic pain is often a severe and inadequately treated consequence of spinal cord injury (SCI). Recent findings suggest that SCI pain is promoted by spontaneous activity (SA) generated chronically in cell bodies of primary nociceptors in dorsal root ganglia (DRG). Many nociceptors express transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) channels, and in(More)
TRPV4 (Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 4) channels are activated by a wide range of stimuli, including hypotonic stress, non-noxious heat and mechanical stress and some small molecule agonists (e.g. phorbol ester 4α-PDD). GSK1016790A (GSK101) is a recently discovered specific small molecule agonist of TRPV4. Its effects on physical determinants of(More)
Isolated renal cortical collecting tubules obtained from rabbits treated chronically with desoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) have been found to possess elevated transepithelial potential differences and a greatly increased capacity for ion transport. Structural exmination of tubules from rabbits exposed to either DOCA or dexamethasone for 11--18 d reveals(More)
The effects of mineralocorticoid (DOCA) treatment of rabbits on the Na+ and K+ transport properties of the cortical collecting duct apical cell membrane were assessed using microelectrode techniques. Applying standard cable techniques and equivalent circuit analysis to the isolated perfused tubule, the apical cell membrane K+ and Na+ currents and(More)
The effects of long-term mineralocorticoid (deoxycorticosterone acetate, DOCA) elevation for 9-16 days on the active and passive transport properties of the basolateral cell membrane of rabbit cortical collecting ducts were assessed using microelectrode techniques. It was found that both the transepithelial membrane voltage (Vte) and basolateral membrane(More)