Roger Ferrini

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XRCC4 was identified via a complementation cloning method that employed an ionizing radiation (IR)-sensitive hamster cell line. By gene-targeted mutation, we show that XRCC4 deficiency in primary murine cells causes growth defects, premature senescence, IR sensitivity, and inability to support V(D)J recombination. In mice, XRCC4 deficiency causes late(More)
Many nuclear proteins are inactivated during mitotic entry, presumably as a prerequisite to chromatin condensation and cell division. C2H2 zinc fingers define the largest transcription factor family in the human proteome. The linker separating finger motifs is highly conserved and resembles TGEKP in more than 5000 occurrences. However, the reason for this(More)
Ikaros is a unique regulator of lymphopoiesis that associates with pericentromeric heterochromatin and has been implicated in heritable gene inactivation. Binding and competition experiments demonstrate that Ikaros dimers compete with an Ets activator for occupancy of the lymphocyte-specific TdT promoter. Mutations that selectively disrupt Ikaros binding to(More)
The 40-kb region downstream of the most 3' immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain constant region gene (Calpha) contains a series of transcriptional enhancers speculated to play a role in Ig heavy chain class switch recombination (CSR). To elucidate the function of this putative CSR regulatory region, we generated mice with germline mutations in which one or the(More)
The killer lymphocyte protease granzyme A (GzmA) triggers caspase-independent target cell death with morphological features of apoptosis. We previously showed that GzmA acts directly on mitochondria to generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) and disrupt the transmembrane potential (DeltaPsi(m)) but does not permeabilize the mitochondrial outer membrane.(More)
We have used gene targeted mutational approaches to assess the role of the T cell receptor alpha (TCR alpha) enhancer (E alpha) in the control of TCR alpha and TCR delta gene rearrangement and expression. We show that E alpha functions in cis to promote V alpha to J alpha rearrangement across the entire J alpha locus, a distance of greater than 70 kb. We(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy chain (HC) class switch recombination (CSR) is a late B cell process that involves intrachromosomal DNA rearrangement. Ku70 and Ku80 form a DNA end-binding complex required for DNA double strand break repair and V(D)J recombination. Ku70(-/-) (K70T) mice, like recombination activating gene (RAG)-1- or RAG-2-deficient (R1T or R2T)(More)
A central issue in understanding the hematolymphoid system is the generation of appropriate mutant alleles in mice to reveal the function of regulatory genes. Here we describe a mouse strain, Plastic, with a point mutation in a zinc finger of Ikaros that disrupts DNA binding but preserves efficient assembly of the full-length protein into higher order(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a human X-linked immunodeficiency resulting from mutations in a gene (WASP) encoding a cytoplasmic protein implicated in regulating the actin cytoskeleton. To elucidate WASP function, we disrupted the WASP gene in mice by gene-targeted mutation. WASP-deficient mice showed apparently normal lymphocyte development, normal(More)
SAPK is a member of the group of evolutionary conserved stress-activated kinases that mediate control of cellular death and proliferation. In lymphocytes, the SAPK pathway has been implicated in signaling from antigen, costimulatory, and death receptors; SEK1, which directly activates SAPK, is required for early embryonic development and has also been(More)