Roger F. Walker

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The current status of the saliva dexamethasone suppression test (DST) is discussed and results from the literature reviewed. Evidence is presented that demonstrates that the efficacy of the salivary-based test is equal to that of the plasma DST provided that specifically developed radioimmunoassays are used for determination of salivary cortisol. Such(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if serotonin (5-HT) is secreted by the pineal gland and also to define the parameters of its secretion. After radiolabelling the endogenous 5-HT pool, individual pineal glands were placed within perifusion chambers and stimulated with norepinephrine (NE). [3H]5-HT was rapidly released within 1 min of stimulation(More)
This study was designed to determine if norepinephrine (NE) stimulated release of pineal serotonin (5-HT) is receptor mediated and to identify the receptor(s) most influential in the release process. Efflux of 3H-5-HT from rat pineals in vitro was significantly increased within 5 min after NE was added to perifusion buffer in concentrations ranging from 0.1(More)
Concentrations of cortisol in saliva and plasma were compared in matched samples during a standard 1 mg dexamethasone suppression test. The study involved 185 routine psychiatric admissions, all of whom were classified according to DSM-III criteria. In a group of 122 matched samples of saliva and plasma, there was a Pearson correlation coefficient of 0.867(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed associations of mood at 5-6 weeks postpartum with peripartum saliva cortisol and progesterone profiles. METHOD A prospective study involved 120 primiparous women free of major marital, socioeconomic and health problems, who collected saliva twice daily from 2 weeks before delivery to day 35 postpartum. This allowed intensive(More)
The drug SK&F 110679 (His-D-Trp-Ala-Trp-D-Phe-LysNH2), is an enkephalin-derived hexapeptide, which specifically releases growth hormone in a wide variety of species in vivo and in vitro. Previous binding studies, using ligands which are specific for mu and delta opioid binding sites, demonstrated an inverse relationship between the opioid binding potency(More)
Melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) is a neuropeptide, identified by its ability to either mimic or antagonize the melanin-dispersing action of alpha-melanocyte stimulating hormone (alphaMSH) on skin melanophores. MCH and alphaMSH also have antagonistic actions in the brain affecting feeding behaviour, aggression, anxiety, arousal and reproductive function(More)
Testosterone and cortisol in male marathon runners (n = 11) were determined in saliva samples (n = 28) collected during the three rest days preceding a competitive marathon and in the samples collected at 08.00h on the race day. An Eysenck Personality Inventory was completed on the first rest day and psychological state was assessed on rest days and on the(More)
The purpose of this paper is to describe the effects of C0 2 and N treatments on soil pC0 2 , calculated CO 2 efflux, root biomass and soil carbon in open-top chambers planted with Pinus ponderosa seedlings. Based upon the literature, it was hypothesized that both elevated CO 2 and N would cause increased root biomass which would in turn cause increases in(More)