Roger Demeure

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Development of high magnetic field MRI techniques is hampered by the significant artifacts produced by B0 field inhomogeneities in the excited slices. A technique, gradient-echo slice excitation profile imaging (GESEPI), is presented for recovering the signal lost caused by intravoxel phase dispersion in T2*-weighted images. This technique superimposes an(More)
Conventional T2- and T2*-weighted image contrasts are produced by waiting a TE period for the transverse magnetic resonance (MR) signals to decay to differentiate tissue types with distinct relaxation rates. Significant image signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) is compromised by this contrast-producing process. In this report, a multiple echo frequency-domain image(More)
The creatine kinase reaction has been studied by 31P NMR in exercising human calf muscle. Quantitative analysis of high energy phosphates and saturation transfer study of the creatine kinase flux in the direction of ATP synthesis (Vfor) were performed at rest and during exercise. As expected, exercise induced a [PCr] decrease (from 28.5 +/- 0.9 to 21.9 +/-(More)
The development of oxygen-sensitive paramagnetic materials is being pursued actively because of their potential applications in in vivo EPR oximetry. Among these materials, several charcoals and carbohydrate chars are of special interest because of their desirable EPR properties: high sensitivity of the EPR linewidth to the partial pressure of oxygen,(More)
Up to now, there is no reliable non invasive biomarker for the concentration of manganese (Mn) in the brain after intoxication to this metal. The aim of the present experimental study was to determine the predictive value of the localized measurement of the proton NMR relaxation time T1 as a quantitative estimation of the concentration of Mn in brain. The(More)
In this paper, we present a project developed in our University in order to provide Medical Imaging Departments with eecient software tools for 3D medical image processing , storage and transmission. In this context, the IMIS software package has been developed, combining, in a modular programming strategy, an easily upgradable graph-ical user interface,(More)
31P NMR spectroscopy was used to study the energy metabolism of dystrophin-deficient skeletal muscle of mdx mice, an animal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, in which expression of a truncated form of utrophin has been obtained through transgenesis technology. Measurements of ATP, phosphocreatine (PCr), inorganic phosphates (Pi) and intracellular pH(More)
In this study, we report the synthesis and the evaluation as MRI contrast agent of a new compound (nitroxyl fatty acid, NFA), where a pyrrolidinoxyl radical (3-carboxy-proxyl, PCA) is linked to a fatty acid moiety. Fatty acids were selected as vector because they present a high affinity for the liver, their efficient cellular uptake being the result of a(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of riluzole on the lesion induced by a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in rats. Riluzole at 4 or 8 mg/kg i.v. significantly reduced the cortical ischemic brain damage. With the most effective dose of 8 mg/kg, the time evolution of the lesion was assessed by T2-weighted magnetic resonance(More)
To detect reperfused ischemia of the rat intestine, T2-weighted spin-echo images were acquired, followed by T1-weighted images before and after administration of polylysine-Gd-DTPA or Gd-DTPA. Before administration of the contrast agent, the reperfused intestine was hyperintense on T2-weighted images, and to a lesser extent on T1-weighted images. After(More)