Roger Demeure

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This study was designed to compare the effects of dietary supplementation with nondigestible carbohydrates, differing in fermentability by colonic bacteria, on hepatic steatosis in growing obese Zucker rats. Male Zucker fa/fa rats were divided into three groups: a control group that received the basal diet, a fructan group that received 10 g highly(More)
Development of high magnetic field MRI techniques is hampered by the significant artifacts produced by B0 field inhomogeneities in the excited slices. A technique, gradient-echo slice excitation profile imaging (GESEPI), is presented for recovering the signal lost caused by intravoxel phase dispersion in T2*-weighted images. This technique superimposes an(More)
PURPOSE In an effort to improve radiotherapy treatments, methods aimed at increasing the quantity of oxygen delivered to tumors were investigated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of one nitric oxide (NO) donor (isosorbide dinitrate) on pO(2) and blood flow in a murine tumor model. The effect was compared to carbogen, used as a reference(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of our prospective study was to compare the values of ferumoxides-enhanced gradient-echo and T2-weighted spin-echo MR imaging for the detection and segmental location of malignant hepatic tumors. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Eighteen patients underwent ferumoxides-enhanced T2 weighted spin-echo and steady-state gradient-echo imaging before(More)
Up to now, there is no reliable non invasive biomarker for the concentration of manganese (Mn) in the brain after intoxication to this metal. The aim of the present experimental study was to determine the predictive value of the localized measurement of the proton NMR relaxation time T1 as a quantitative estimation of the concentration of Mn in brain. The(More)
The herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase gene was transferred into C6 glioma cells by infection with a recombinant adenovirus. In vitro, a 10 microM ganciclovir concentration was able to kill 100% of the infected cells. For in vivo experiments, brain tumors were established by stereotactic injection of C6 glioma cells in the caudate nucleus of rats. Five(More)
The creatine kinase reaction has been studied by 31P NMR in exercising human calf muscle. Quantitative analysis of high energy phosphates and saturation transfer study of the creatine kinase flux in the direction of ATP synthesis (Vfor) were performed at rest and during exercise. As expected, exercise induced a [PCr] decrease (from 28.5 +/- 0.9 to 21.9 +/-(More)
31P NMR was used to assess the influence of two weeks creatine supplementation (21g x d(-1)) on resting muscle PCr concentration, on the rate of PCr repletion (R(depl)), and on the half-time of PCr repletion (t 1/2). Body mass (BM) and volume of body water compartments were also estimated by impedance spectroscopy. Fourteen healthy male subjects (20.8+/-1.9(More)
In this study, we report the synthesis and the evaluation as MRI contrast agent of a new compound (nitroxyl fatty acid, NFA), where a pyrrolidinoxyl radical (3-carboxy-proxyl, PCA) is linked to a fatty acid moiety. Fatty acids were selected as vector because they present a high affinity for the liver, their efficient cellular uptake being the result of a(More)
31P NMR spectroscopy was used to study the energy metabolism of dystrophin-deficient skeletal muscle of mdx mice, an animal model of Duchenne muscular dystrophy, in which expression of a truncated form of utrophin has been obtained through transgenesis technology. Measurements of ATP, phosphocreatine (PCr), inorganic phosphates (Pi) and intracellular pH(More)