Roger D. Longley

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5-HT (serotonin) is a ubiquitous neurotransmitter that produces ciliary beating in gastropods when applied topically, but ciliary beating caused by gastropod serotonergic neurons has been described in only three neuron pairs. We extend these results to the North American Lymnaea stagnalis appressa, which is a different species from the European Lymnaea(More)
A century ago histological techniques such as formic acid-gold chloride showed the nerve morphology of the pedal sole in Limax and Helix. There have been no similar descriptions since then of the central nervous system relevant to locomotory pedal waves in the foot of slugs and snails. Topical application of 5-HT affects locomotory waves, but the(More)
The procerebrum, a specialized structure for olfaction in terrestrial pulmonate molluscs, contains 20,000 to 50,000 small, uniformly sized neurons that increase in number with age. Here I show the likely source of neurons added to the procerebrum of Helix aspersa and that the rate of neuron addition depends on snail weight. After hatching, during the(More)
In many gastropods, a serotonin-like immunoreactive axon plexus lies over ciliary cells on the pedal sole. The origin and function of axons in this plexus is uncertain. By using serotonin antibodies in the direct-developing embryo of the pond snail, the axons that initially form this plexus were traced from seven large neurons in each pedal ganglion. Soon(More)
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