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Although the high presence of cholesterol in nerve terminals is well documented, specific roles of this lipid in transmitter release have remained elusive. Since cholesterol is a highly enriched component in the membrane microdomains known as lipid rafts, it is probable that these domains are very important in synaptic function. The extraction of lipid(More)
Tetanus toxin (TeTx) is the protein, synthesized by the anaerobic bacteria Clostridium tetani, which causes tetanus disease. TeTx gains entry into target cells by means of its interaction with lipid rafts, which are membrane domains enriched in sphingomyelin and cholesterol. However, the exact mechanism of host membrane binding remains to be fully(More)
In the present work we report the presence of protein kinase CK2 in lipid raft preparations from rat brain synaptosomes, obtained after detergent extraction and subsequent isolation of detergent-resistant membranes using sucrose gradient ultracentrifugation. Moreover, the phosphorylation of syntaxin-1 at Ser14, a specific CK2 target, has been detected in(More)
Neurotrophins are a group of secreted polypeptides, which comprises Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) and Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF). Each neurotrophin can bind specifically to a tyrosine kinase Trk receptor (TrkA, TrkB or TrkC), while all of the neurotrophins can bind, with similar affinity, to the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR)). Experiments on(More)
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