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Membrane-associated guanylate kinase (Maguk) proteins are scaffold proteins that contain PSD-95-Discs Large-zona occludens-1 (PDZ), Src homology 3, and guanylate kinase domains. A subset of Maguk proteins, such as mLin-2 and protein associated with Lin-7 (Pals)1, also contain two L27 domains: an L27C domain that binds mLin-7 and an L27N domain of unknown(More)
Human renal cortex and heart cDNA libraries were screened for a human homolog of rabbit PCLP1 using the rabbit PCLP1 cDNA as a probe. Clones spanning 5869 base pairs with an open reading frame coding for a 528-amino acid peptide were obtained. The putative peptide contains a potential signal peptide and a single membrane-spanning region. The extracellular(More)
Nephrotic syndrome, a malfunction of the kidney glomerular filter, leads to proteinuria, edema and, in steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome, end-stage kidney disease. Using positional cloning, we identified mutations in the phospholipase C epsilon gene (PLCE1) as causing early-onset nephrotic syndrome with end-stage kidney disease. Kidney histology of(More)
Glomerular diseases encompass a broad array of clinicopathologically defined syndromes which together account for 90% of end-stage kidney disease costing $20 billion per annum to treat in the United States alone. Recent insights have defined the central role of the podocyte as both the regulator of glomerular development as well as the determinant of(More)
Whether podocyte depletion could cause the glomerulosclerosis of aging in Fischer 344 rats at ages 2, 6, 17, and 24 mo was evaluated. Ad libitum-fed rats developed proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis by 24 mo, whereas calorie-restricted rats did not. No evidence of age-associated progressive linear loss of podocytes from glomeruli was found. Rather, ad(More)
Identification of single-gene causes of steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) has furthered the understanding of the pathogenesis of this disease. Here, using a combination of homozygosity mapping and whole human exome resequencing, we identified mutations in the aarF domain containing kinase 4 (ADCK4) gene in 15 individuals with SRNS from 8 unrelated(More)
Podocytes are specialized epithelial cells with delicate interdigitating foot processes which cover the exterior basement membrane surface of the glomerular capillary. They are in part responsible for the extraordinary charge and size filtration characteristics of the glomerulus. To better understand disease processes affecting the glomerular filter, we(More)
Podocytes are responsible in part for maintaining the size and charge filtration characteristics of the glomerular filter. The major sialoprotein of the podocyte foot process glycocalyx is a 140-kDa sialoprotein named podocalyxin. Monoclonal antibodies raised against isolated rabbit glomeruli that recognized a podocalyxin-like protein base upon size, Alcian(More)
Steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) is a frequent cause of end-stage renal failure. Identification of single-gene causes of SRNS has generated some insights into its pathogenesis; however, additional genes and disease mechanisms remain obscure, and SRNS continues to be treatment refractory. Here we have identified 6 different mutations in coenzyme(More)