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Membrane-associated guanylate kinase (Maguk) proteins are scaffold proteins that contain PSD-95-Discs Large-zona occludens-1 (PDZ), Src homology 3, and guanylate kinase domains. A subset of Maguk proteins, such as mLin-2 and protein associated with Lin-7 (Pals)1, also contain two L27 domains: an L27C domain that binds mLin-7 and an L27N domain of unknown(More)
Whether podocyte depletion could cause the glomerulosclerosis of aging in Fischer 344 rats at ages 2, 6, 17, and 24 mo was evaluated. Ad libitum-fed rats developed proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis by 24 mo, whereas calorie-restricted rats did not. No evidence of age-associated progressive linear loss of podocytes from glomeruli was found. Rather, ad(More)
While there are homeostatic mechanisms to protect the brain against wide fluctuations in the availability of essential nutrients, food deprivation is known to influence brain neurochemistry. Given the growing problem of infant undernutrition and the fact that the developing nervous system appears to be especially vulnerable to this type of insult, numerous(More)
Podocyte loss and glomerular hypertrophy are associated with development of glomerulosclerosis, suggesting that there may be a maximal area for each podocyte in terms of its capacity to support and maintain the glomerular filter. This study hypothesized that exceeding this maximal threshold will result in mesangial expansion and glomerulosclerosis. It may(More)
The autosomal recessive kidney disease nephronophthisis (NPHP) constitutes the most frequent genetic cause of terminal renal failure in the first 3 decades of life. Ten causative genes (NPHP1-NPHP9 and NPHP11), whose products localize to the primary cilia-centrosome complex, support the unifying concept that cystic kidney diseases are "ciliopathies". Using(More)
Rat glioma C6 cells were employed to determine the vulnerability of the CNS-derived cells to cocaine. The cells were cultured either in the presence of serum or in serum-free (defined) medium to model glial development in the normal brain. In serum-containing medium, cocaine in amounts up to 100 micrograms/ml neither retarded cell proliferation nor altered(More)
The treatment of rat glioma C6 cells with 10 microM isoproterenol (Ipt) for 4 days upregulated the expression of the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) gene by approximately 55-fold over the control value. The constant presence of Ipt in the medium was required for the maximal upregulation, as time-restricted exposures to the drug produced only partial,(More)
Glomerular injury and proteinuria in diabetes (types 1 and 2) and IgA nephropathy is related to the degree of podocyte depletion in humans. For determining the causal relationship between podocyte depletion and glomerulosclerosis, a transgenic rat strain in which the human diphtheria toxin receptor is specifically expressed in podocytes was developed. The(More)
Cellular crescents are a defining histologic finding in many forms of inflammatory glomerulonephritis. Despite numerous studies, the origin of glomerular crescents remains unresolved. A genetic cell lineage-mapping study with a novel transgenic mouse model was performed to investigate whether visceral glomerular epithelial cells, termed podocytes, are(More)