Roger C. Carroll

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Posttraumatic coagulopathy is a major cause of morbidity. This prospective study evaluated the thrombelastography (TEG) system and PlateletMapping (Haemoscope Corporation, Niles, Ill) values posttrauma, and it correlated those values with transfusions and fatalities. After institutional review board approval, assays were performed on 161 trauma patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Trauma during pregnancy places two lives at risk. Knowledge of risk factors for trauma during pregnancy may improve outcomes. METHODS We reviewed the charts of 188 such patients admitted to a Level I trauma center from 1996 to 2004. A comparison was made of injury severity and outcome from a cohort of nonpregnant female trauma patients selected(More)
Platelet function was evaluated before and after clopidogrel therapy in 50 cardiology candidates scheduled for intervention; results were averaged from optical platelet aggregation with 2 significantly correlated point-of-care instruments, Thrombelastograph and Ichor PlateletWorks. Although this was a limited study with few complications, the failure of(More)
Clinically monitoring recovery from clopidogrel and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) inhibition requires whole blood assays corresponding to a standard methodology such as platelet-rich plasma aggregation monitored optically (OPA). We compared OPA, using an ED 50 dose of adenosine diphosphate activation, with 2 whole blood assays, Plateletworks(More)
In eukaryotic cells, the ubiquity of the signaling system of transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB)/I-kappa B (I-kappaB) is undisputed. Numerous studies have reported that the NF-kappaB/I-kappaB complex plays a pivotal role in regulating gene expression controlling cell differentiation, cell proliferation, inflammation, oncogenesis, and(More)
Flow cytometry, singlet platelet counting, and optical aggregation have been used to monitor clopidogrel and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) platelet antagonists. Optical aggregation is considered the gold standard, but neither it nor flow cytometry is convenient in larger-scale clinical studies or point-of-care systems. Singlet platelet counting, a(More)
Optical platelet aggregation (OPA) with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was compared with a Thrombelastograph (TEG) whole blood assay for monitoring arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet activation. Assays were performed on 47 interventional cardiology and 24 general surgery patients receiving aspirin therapy for cardiovascular disease, as well as 48 volunteers(More)
The authors evaluated the correlation of post-cardiopulmonary bypass surgery bleeding, measured as 24-hour chest tube output/kilogram body weight, with platelet function tests using glass bead adhesion and Thrombelastograph Platelet Mapping (Haemoscope Corporation, Niles, Ill); coagulation tests; patient characteristics; surgery parameters; and visual(More)
INTRODUCTION We have previously defined aspirin resistance detected by TEG PlateletMapping using arachidonic acid (AA). This aspirin resistance is observed as platelet activation (>20%) by AA in whole blood, even though the isolated platelets are inhibited by aspirin. This platelet activation in whole blood is due to a transcellular pathway mediated by(More)