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OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, functional, and morphologic characteristics of platelets in Cavalier King Charles Spaniel dogs (Cavaliers). MATERIALS AND METHODS Blood from 69 clinically normal Cavaliers was collected and anticoagulated with ethylenediamine-tetraacetic acid (EDTA) and citrate. Automated and manual platelet(More)
Platelet function was evaluated before and after clopidogrel therapy in 50 cardiology candidates scheduled for intervention; results were averaged from optical platelet aggregation with 2 significantly correlated point-of-care instruments, Thrombelastograph and Ichor PlateletWorks. Although this was a limited study with few complications, the failure of(More)
Platelets play a major role in thrombus formation, as well as in the pathogenesis of atherothrombosis. Inhibition of platelet function is now emphasised more than ever for prevention and treatment of almost all vascular diseases, since thrombosis is established as the key pathogenic event causing acute ischaemic coronary and cerebrovascular syndromes.(More)
Posttraumatic coagulopathy is a major cause of morbidity. This prospective study evaluated the thrombelastography (TEG) system and PlateletMapping (Haemoscope Corporation, Niles, Ill) values posttrauma, and it correlated those values with transfusions and fatalities. After institutional review board approval, assays were performed on 161 trauma patients.(More)
BACKGROUND Aspirin-resistant platelet activation in whole blood is attributable to a transcellular pathway not detected by isolated platelet aggregometry. Aspirin resistance as defined by urinary thromboxane levels is associated with increased risk for myocardial infarction or cardiac death. Whole blood point-of-care assays may also detect aspirin(More)
The authors evaluated the correlation of post-cardiopulmonary bypass surgery bleeding, measured as 24-hour chest tube output/kilogram body weight, with platelet function tests using glass bead adhesion and Thrombelastograph Platelet Mapping (Haemoscope Corporation, Niles, Ill); coagulation tests; patient characteristics; surgery parameters; and visual(More)
Flow cytometry, singlet platelet counting, and optical aggregation have been used to monitor clopidogrel and glycoprotein IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa) platelet antagonists. Optical aggregation is considered the gold standard, but neither it nor flow cytometry is convenient in larger-scale clinical studies or point-of-care systems. Singlet platelet counting, a(More)
Increased procoagulant activity of vascular endothelial cells may be an important component in the pathogenesis of intravascular coagulation associated with gram-negative bacterial diseases. Two bovine endothelial cell (BEC) lines isolated from pulmonary arteries (ENS-2 and ENT-18) were used in this study to investigate procoagulant signal transduction(More)
Optical platelet aggregation (OPA) with platelet-rich plasma (PRP) was compared with a Thrombelastograph (TEG) whole blood assay for monitoring arachidonic acid (AA)-induced platelet activation. Assays were performed on 47 interventional cardiology and 24 general surgery patients receiving aspirin therapy for cardiovascular disease, as well as 48 volunteers(More)
Serotonin is necessary for normal fetal brain development. Administration of serotonin inhibitors to pregnant rats results in offspring with abnormal behaviors, brain morphology, and serotonin receptor numbers. Low maternal plasma serotonin may contribute to abnormal brain development in autism. In this study, plasma serotonin levels in autism mothers and(More)