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Cationic peptides possessing a single cysteine, tryptophan, and lysine repeat were synthesized to define the minimal peptide length needed to mediate transient gene expression in mammalian cells. The N-terminal cysteine in each peptide was either alkylated or oxidatively dimerized to produce peptides possessing lysine chains of 3, 6, 8, 13, 16, 18, 26, and(More)
Methods of rapidly and accurately assessing the chemical stability of pharmaceutical dosage forms are reviewed with respect to the major degradation mechanisms generally observed in pharmaceutical development. Methods are discussed, with the appropriate caveats, for accelerated aging of liquid and solid dosage forms, including small and large molecule(More)
A guide for stabilization of pharmaceuticals to oxidation is presented. Literature is presented with an attempt to be a ready source for data and recommendations for formulators. Liquid and solid dosage forms are discussed with options including formulation changes, additives, and packaging documented. In particular, selection of and methods for use of(More)
The stability of peptide DNA condensates was examined after introducing glutaraldehyde to cross-link surface amine groups. A 20 amino acid peptide (CWK(18)) was used to condense DNA into small (70 nm) condensates. The reaction between glutaraldehyde and peptide DNA condensates was indirectly monitored using a fluorescence-based assay to establish reaction(More)
Low molecular weight homogeneous peptides were used to form peptide/DNA condensates. A peptide possessing 18 lysines was found to protect plasmid DNA from serum endonuclease and sonicative-induced degradation whereas a shorter peptide possessing 8 lysines dissociated in 0.1 M sodium chloride and failed to protect DNA from enzymatic degradation.(More)
We demonstrate a systematic and rational approach to create a library of natural and modified, dialkylated amino acids based upon arginine for development of an efficient small interfering RNA (siRNA) delivery system. These amino acids, designated DiLA₂ compounds, in conjunction with other components, demonstrate unique properties for assembly into(More)
A novel method for protection of DNA from high shear induced damage is presented. This method uses simple divalent cations and the lyophilizable alcohol, tert-butanol, to self-assemble DNA into condensed, shear-resistant forms. The DNA used in these studies was a 5600 BP plasmid DNA encoding a therapeutic gene. Various solvents and salts were used to(More)
Harnessing RNA interference (RNAi) to silence aberrant gene expression is an emerging approach in cancer therapy. Selective inhibition of an overexpressed gene via RNAi requires a highly efficacious, target-specific short interfering RNA (siRNA) and a safe and efficient delivery system. We have developed siRNA constructs (UsiRNA) that contain unlocked(More)
siRNAs confer sequence specific and robust silencing of mRNA. By virtue of these properties, siRNAs have become therapeutic candidates for disease intervention. However, their use as therapeutic agents can be hampered by unintended off-target effects by either or both strands of the siRNA duplex. We report here that unlocked nucleobase analogs (UNAs) confer(More)