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PURPOSE To directly compare and study the variability of parameters related to hepatic blood flow measurements using 3 T phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (PC-MRI) and Doppler ultrasound (US). MATERIALS AND METHODS Nine healthy subjects were studied. Blood velocities and flow rate measurements were performed in the portal vein and the proper(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a useful tool for assessing changes that occur in microstructures. We have developed a novel method for region of interest (ROI) delineation in the assessment of DTI parameters in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). PURPOSE To compare the standard method and our novel method in an evaluation of(More)
OBJECTIVE Phase Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PCMRI) is a noninvasive technique that can be used to quantify variations of flow during the cardiac cycle. PCMRI allows investigations of blood flow dynamics in the main arteries and veins of the brain but also the dynamics of cerebrospinal fluid. These cerebral flow investigations provide a description(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To measure total hepatic blood flow including portal and proper hepatic artery flows as well as the temporal evolution of the vessel's section during a cardiac cycle. METHODS Twenty healthy subjects, with a mean age of 26 years, were explored. Magnetic resonance imaging blood flow measurements were carried out in the portal vein and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine acute intracranial hydrodynamic changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) via phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) analysis of the CSF stroke volume in the aqueduct (SVaq) and the foramen magnum (SVfm). METHODS A prospective PC-MRI study was performed on 34 SAH patients in the acute and late phase. Data on CSF flow and hemorrhage site were(More)
Disease mechanism underlying glaucoma remains unclear. Extensive research on this pathology has highlighted changes in vascular parameters and in circulation of the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Here, we review the most recent research on alterations in ocular blood flow and/or CSF flow in glaucoma. Ultrasound Doppler imaging studies have shown an increased(More)
INTRODUCTION The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) plays a major role in the physiology of the central nervous system. The continuous turnover of CSF is mainly attributed to the highly vascularized choroid plexus (CP) located in the cerebral ventricles which represent a complex interface between blood and CSF. We propose a method for evaluating CP functionality in(More)
PURPOSE Determining acute intracranial hydrodynamic changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage through an analysis of the CSF stroke volume (SV) as measured by phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) in the mesencephalon aqueduct. METHOD A prospective study was performed in 33 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. A PC-MRI imaging study was performed n the acute phase (<(More)
BACKGROUND Normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) have some similar clinical features and both involve white matter and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) disorders. PURPOSE To compare putative relationships between ventricular morphology, CSF flow, and white matter diffusion in AD and NPH. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty patients (18 with(More)