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OBJECTIVE Phase Contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (PCMRI) is a noninvasive technique that can be used to quantify variations of flow during the cardiac cycle. PCMRI allows investigations of blood flow dynamics in the main arteries and veins of the brain but also the dynamics of cerebrospinal fluid. These cerebral flow investigations provide a description(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine acute intracranial hydrodynamic changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) via phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) analysis of the CSF stroke volume in the aqueduct (SVaq) and the foramen magnum (SVfm). METHODS A prospective PC-MRI study was performed on 34 SAH patients in the acute and late phase. Data on CSF flow and hemorrhage site were(More)
INTRODUCTION The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) plays a major role in the physiology of the central nervous system. The continuous turnover of CSF is mainly attributed to the highly vascularized choroid plexus (CP) located in the cerebral ventricles which represent a complex interface between blood and CSF. We propose a method for evaluating CP functionality in(More)
PURPOSE Determining acute intracranial hydrodynamic changes after subarachnoid hemorrhage through an analysis of the CSF stroke volume (SV) as measured by phase-contrast MRI (PC-MRI) in the mesencephalon aqueduct. METHOD A prospective study was performed in 33 patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. A PC-MRI imaging study was performed n the acute phase (<(More)
BACKGROUND Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a useful tool for assessing changes that occur in microstructures. We have developed a novel method for region of interest (ROI) delineation in the assessment of DTI parameters in patients with normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). PURPOSE To compare the standard method and our novel method in an evaluation of(More)
BACKGROUND Normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) have some similar clinical features and both involve white matter and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) disorders. PURPOSE To compare putative relationships between ventricular morphology, CSF flow, and white matter diffusion in AD and NPH. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty patients (18 with(More)
This study investigates the craniospinal flows of blood and cerebrospinal fluid using phase-contrast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on 23 control neonates and infants (5 d-68 mo old). Mean arterial cerebral blood flow increased with age of infant from 180 mL/min after birth to 1330 mL/min around 6 years of age. This corresponds to 51 mL/min/100 g and 95(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Resistance to blood flow in the cerebral drainage system may affect cerebral hemodynamics. The objective of the present study was to use phase-contrast MRA to quantify resistance to drainage of blood across branches of the venous sinus tree and to determine whether the resistance to drainage values correlated with internal jugular(More)
Choroid plexuses (CPs) are structures involved in CSF production and cerebral regulation and present atypical glucose metabolism. In addition, CPs impairment may be related to Alzheimer disease (AD). In the present study, we present the first results pointing out glucose metabolism in the CP with dynamic fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography(More)