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OBJECTIVES To determine whether writing about emotional topics compared with writing about neutral topics could affect CD4+ lymphocyte count and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) viral load among HIV-infected patients. METHODS Thirty-seven HIV-infected patients were randomly allocated to 2 writing conditions focusing on emotional or control topics.(More)
OBJECTIVE Laboratory studies have demonstrated that psychological stress is associated with slower healing of small superficial wounds. The application of this finding to the clinical environment has not yet been undertaken. In order to do this, we investigated the relationship between psychological stress and wound repair in patients following routine(More)
The present study examined how cardiovascular and salivary cortisol responses varied in response to an acute challenge in medical students under exam stress versus those not under exam stress. One hundred and twenty-nine medical students were randomly assigned to undertake a CO2 inhalation test either prior to an examination period (exam group) or during a(More)
OBJECTIVE This prospective study assesses the roles of illness beliefs, emotion regulation factors, and sociodemographic characteristics in decisions to participate in a group support program for women recently diagnosed with breast cancer. METHOD Women recruited during clinic visits 2 to 4 weeks after diagnosis completed measures of affective and(More)
AIM To identify personality traits related to placebo responding outside the context of pain. METHODS Sixty three healthy volunteers completed the study. Personality traits were measured online one week prior to a laboratory session in which two psychosocial stress tests were administered. Prior to the second test, the placebo group received an intranasal(More)
This study investigated whether emotional expression of traumatic experiences influenced the immune response to a hepatitis B vaccination program. Forty medical students who tested negative for hepatitis B antibodies were randomly assigned to write about personal traumatic events or control topics during 4 consecutive daily sessions. The day after(More)
INTRODUCTION Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programs have demonstrated significant reduction in hospital stay for patients undergoing colonic surgery; however, their impact on long-term outcomes, such as postoperative fatigue (POF), has not been fully established. AIM To assess the impact of an ERAS program on POF and recovery following elective(More)