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BACKGROUND We conducted a multinational, randomized study to compare radiotherapy alone with radiotherapy plus cetuximab, a monoclonal antibody against the epidermal growth factor receptor, in the treatment of locoregionally advanced squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck. METHODS Patients with locoregionally advanced head and neck cancer were(More)
BACKGROUND A randomized phase 3 trial of the treatment of squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck compared induction chemotherapy with docetaxel plus cisplatin and fluorouracil (TPF) with cisplatin and fluorouracil (PF), followed by chemoradiotherapy. METHODS We randomly assigned 501 patients (all of whom had stage III or IV disease with no distant(More)
BACKGROUND Previous results from our phase 3 randomised trial showed that adding cetuximab to primary radiotherapy increased overall survival in patients with locoregionally advanced squamous-cell carcinoma of the head and neck (LASCCHN) at 3 years. Here we report the 5-year survival data, and investigate the relation between cetuximab-induced rash and(More)
PURPOSE Patients with advanced, incurable thyroid cancer not amenable to surgery or radioactive iodine ((131)I) therapy have few satisfactory therapeutic options. This multi-institutional study assessed the activity and safety of axitinib, an oral, potent, and selective inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFR) 1, 2, and 3 in(More)
PURPOSE To assess the tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PKs), and pharmacodynamics (PDs) of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) 1/2 inhibitor AZD6244 (ARRY-142886) in patients with advanced cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS In part A, patients received escalating doses to determine the maximum-tolerated dose (MTD). In both parts, blood samples were(More)
Functional lateralization and interhemispheric interaction during word processing were investigated in schizophrenic patients (n=12) and matched healthy controls (n=18). Words and phonologically regular pseudowords were presented tachistoscopically either in the left or right visual field (unilateral conditions), or simultaneously in both visual hemifields(More)
Thirty-four gross and histologic features of the primary tumor in 231 cases of clinical Stage I and II invasive breast cancer were reviewed in an attempt to identify features which might correlate with an increased risk of local recurrence within the breast following biopsy and primary radiation therapy. Local recurrence risk at 5 years was calculated for(More)
BACKGROUND Locally advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancers (LHC) represent a group of cancers for which surgery, laryngectomy-free survival (LFS), overall survival (OS), and progression-free survival (PFS) are clinically meaningful end points. PATIENTS AND METHODS These outcomes were analyzed in the subgroup of assessable LHC patients enrolled in(More)
PURPOSE XL184 (cabozantinib) is a potent inhibitor of MET, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), and RET, with robust antiangiogenic, antitumor, and anti-invasive effects in preclinical models. Early observations of clinical benefit in a phase I study of cabozantinib, which included patients with medullary thyroid cancer (MTC), led to(More)
The extent of the surgical resection necessary for breast cancer patients treated by primary radiation therapy is unknown. A simple gross excision of the tumor provides the best cosmetic result, but a wide local resection may be important to prevent local recurrence in some patients. In order to identify patients who are not adequately treated by gross(More)