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STUDY DESIGN Cohort study. OBJECTIVES To develop and establish the psychometric properties of Korean versions of 4 neck pain and disability questionnaires: the Neck Disability Index, Neck Pain and Disability Scale, Functional Rating Index, and Short Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SFMPQ). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA To our knowledge, there are no(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess physical activity (PA) levels measured objectively using accelerometers in community-dwelling older people and to examine the associations with health, disability, anthropometric measures and psychosocial factors. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. SETTING Single general practice (primary care centre), United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS(More)
BACKGROUND In the McKenzie system, patients are classified first into syndromes, then into subsyndromes. At present, the reliability of classification with this system is unclear. No study has included patients with cervical pain, and the studies to date have reported conflicting results. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study is to investigate the interexaminer(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the test-retest reliability of isometric grip strength testing using the Jamar dynamometer. Thirty-three subjects, 16 men (mean age = 37.4 years) and 17 women (mean age = 35.5 years), were assessed on two separate occasions using four methods to determine grip strength score. The methods used were (1) the score(More)
BACKGROUND The capacity of the plantar sole of the foot to convey information about foot position is reduced by conventional smooth boot insoles, compared with barefoot surface contact. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that movement discrimination may be restored by inserting textured replacement insoles, achieved by changing footwear conditions and(More)
Adequate trunk muscle endurance may play an important role in injury-free performance among athletes. However, reliability of tests of isometric trunk muscle endurance in common use has not been clearly established and few studies have reported normative data for athletes. This study first examined intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the side bridge(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to determine the intertherapist reliability of judgments of stiffness and pain at L-1 to L-5 made using posteroanterior (PA) central pressure testing. SUBJECTS Three pairs of manipulative physical therapists with a minimum of 5 years of experience were asked to rate pain and stiffness in a total of 90(More)
Hands can be classified by their shape; width divided by length. This study examined the impact of shape of the hand (as relatively long, average, or square shaped) on maximal voluntary isometric grip strength and test-retest reliability in a group of healthy teenagers aged 13 to 17 years. When 116 boys and 112 girls were measured with a GripTrack (a(More)
While the pronated foot is implicated as a risk factor for sports injury in some studies, others suggest that a supinated foot posture increases the risk of overuse lower limb injuries. Athletes in a given sports discipline may tend to have a similar foot morphology, which varies from that observed elsewhere. Further, the foot morphology that is beneficial(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the facial expression of emotion and quality of life in patients after long-term facial nerve paralysis. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Facial nerve paralysis clinic. PATIENTS Twenty-four patients with facial nerve paralysis and 24 significant others (partner, relative, friend). INTERVENTION Patients were assessed(More)