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BACKGROUND The Lililwan Project is the first population-based study to determine Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) prevalence in Australia and was conducted in the remote Fitzroy Valley in North Western Australia. The diagnostic process for FASD requires accurate assessment of gross and fine motor functioning using standardised cut-offs for(More)
Superiority of the left upper limb in proprioception tasks performed by right-handed individuals has been attributed to better utilization of proprioceptive information by a non-preferred arm/hemisphere system. However, it is undetermined whether this holds for multiple upper and lower limb joints. Accordingly, the present study tested active movement(More)
Adequate trunk muscle endurance may play an important role in injury-free performance among athletes. However, reliability of tests of isometric trunk muscle endurance in common use has not been clearly established and few studies have reported normative data for athletes. This study first examined intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of the side bridge(More)
BACKGROUND Active inversion and eversion ankle range of motion (ROM) is widely used to evaluate treatment effect, however the error associated with the available measurement protocols is unknown. This study aimed to establish the reliability of goniometry as used in clinical practice. METHODS 30 subjects (60 ankles) with a wide variety of ankle conditions(More)
In order to recover 3D-information from stereo image pairs, a number of stereo matching methods are available. These methods mainly differ in various tokens which are applied to solve the correspondence problem between left and right image. In most of the line segment based stereo matching algorithms , geometrical and structural information is used to(More)
Ankle inversion injuries are common, yet little is known about the error associated with different positions as inversion depth increases. In this study, absolute judgments made without feedback were used to measure discrimination of different extents of ankle inversion which arose from active movements made to physical stops by 20 self-reported right(More)
A b s t r a c t : Severe winter storms, those producing 6 inches or more snowfall and/or damaging glaze, occur five times a year in Illinois, and cause more damage than other forms of severe weather. The climatology of all severe winter storms in 1900-1960, their damages, their synoptic weather conditions, and information applicable to design and(More)
OBJECTIVES Proprioceptive ability has been suggested to underpin elite sports performance. Accordingly, this study examined the relationship between an athlete's proprioceptive ability, competition level achieved, and years of sport-specific training. DESIGN Cross-sectional study. METHODS One hundred elite athletes, at competition levels ranging from(More)
Reliability and measurement precision of manual muscle testing (MMT) and hand-held dynamometry (HHD) were compared for children with spina bifida. Strength measures were obtained of the hip flexors, hip abductors, and knee extensors of 20 children (10 males, 10 females; mean age 9 years 10 months; range: 5 to 15 years) by two experienced physical therapists(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relation between 2 proprioceptive tests, movement detection and movement discrimination, at the ankle. DESIGN A cross-sectional descriptive study. SETTING Research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS Eighteen subjects with recurrent ankle inversion sprain. INTERVENTIONS Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Threshold to detection(More)