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Proteins are widely utilized to add functional properties, such as gelling and emulsification to foods. These attributes depend on a number of factors such as molecular structure of the protein, the pH, and the composition of its chemical environment. There is substantial evidence to suggest that the functional properties of food proteins can be further(More)
Pig digestive tract mucins have often been used as model mucins for studying mucin structure, function and metabolism. In the present study pig gastric mucin and pig colonic mucin in the subunit form have been characterised and compared. Following Sepharose 4B or 2B-CL gel chromatography, the mucin eluant fractions were assayed colorimetrically by both the(More)
A method for isolating pig colon mucin in a soluble high-molecular-weight form, suitable for addition to bacterial growth media, is described. This preparation was utilized as a sole carbohydrate energy source by two strains of Bacteroides fragilis. The extent of degradation was compared with that of commercial pig gastric mucin by the same strains.(More)
Mucin degradation was studied with one Clostridium (RS42) and two Bacteroides (RS2 and RS13) strains isolated from the pig colon mucosa. Mucins from pig colon and stomach were prepared in their subunit forms for use as growth substrates, and the loss of the individual sugars from the mucins was measured after bacterial growth. Colonic mucin was more(More)
The free radical scavenging activities of three flavonoids (quercetin, rutin and catechin) and four hydroxycinnamic acids (caffeic, ferulic, sinapic, and chlorogenic acids) were evaluated using both oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and lipid peroxidation inhibition capacity (LPIC) assays. The cytoprotective effects of these compounds were also(More)
An in vitro antioxidant assay has been developed to better reflect the in vivo conditions of antioxidants interacting with membrane and lipid surfaces. The lipid peroxidation inhibition capacity (LPIC) method measures the ability of both lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidants to protect a lipophilic fluorescent probe 4,(More)
Butyric acid is released from milk by pre-intestinal lipases during suckling. It is also known to inhibit bacterial growth. To investigate whether butyric acid may be a significant factor in controlling bacterial growth in the stomach of pre-weaned animals, the ability of butyric acid to inhibit growth of selected bacteria was tested over physiological(More)
Zein was investigated for use as an oral-drug delivery system by loading prednisolone into zein microparticles using coacervation. To investigate the adaptability of this method to other drugs, zein microparticles were loaded with hydrocortisone, which is structurally related to prednisolone; or mesalazine, which is structurally different having a smaller(More)
Two milk-based beverages delivering twice the average daily antioxidant intake were formulated, based on synergistic combinations of fruit and vegetable extracts, and containing vitamin C (1.00 mg/ml) for shelf stability. Smokers (n = 42) consumed prototype milk A, B or non-supplemented milk (no extracts or vitamin C; 200 ml) twice daily for 6 weeks.(More)